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2012 HSR&D/QUERI National Conference Abstract

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2012 National Meeting

2002 — Qualitative Data Analysis in Implementation Research

Hamilton AB, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System; Bokhour B, Edith Nourse Rodgers Memorial Veterans Hospital; Zickmund S, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System;

Workshop Objectives:
Implementation research relies on the rigorous application of qualitative data collection methods, especially in the context of formative and process evaluation. Typically, implementation research involves multiple types of qualitative data collection at multiple levels and timepoints, and data collection is conducted by a team of researchers who are also responsible for data analysis. Evaluation in the context of implementation studies often requires rapid and iterative data analysis, which necessitates particular analytic skills, strategies, and theories. In prior workshops, we have focused on design and data collection for implementation research. The objective of this workshop is to present fundamentals of qualitative data analysis, with a particular focus on the exigencies of implementation research. It draws upon the experiences of qualitative researchers in the context of VHA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) implementation projects, and was inspired by the presenters’ experiences of providing guidance to individuals with little or no familiarity with qualitative data analysis.

In this workshop, the three presenters will: (1) review the basics of qualitative data analysis, (2) discuss analytic approaches to coding qualitative data gathered in the context of implementation research, (3) explain how a given project’s implementation theoretical framework can inform analysis of qualitative and mixed methods data; (4) provide exemplars from QUERI projects that use qualitative and mixed methods for implementation, and (5) discuss how to work with clinical and operational partners to elucidate and apply qualitative findings. In small teams, participants will conduct their own mini-analysis of a small portion of qualitative data from an implementation study. Workshop presenters will facilitate discussion about strengths and weaknesses of the approaches that the teams develop (e.g., feedback on codebook development, and feasibility of analytic approaches over time). The workshop will conclude with a brief discussion of the use of qualitative data analysis software. Participants will be provided with materials and bibliographies needed to begin analyzing qualitative data gathered during the course of implementation research.

Target Audience:
Investigators and methodologists who are interested in analyzing qualitative data in the context of implementation research.

Assumed Audience Familiarity with Topic:
Beginners, with some knowledge of implementation research.

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