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Mays AM, Saliba D, Feldman S, Smalbrugge M, Hertogh CMPM, Booker TL, Fulbright KA, Hendriks SA, Katz PR. Quality Indicators of Primary Care Provider Engagement in Nursing Home Care. Journal of The American Medical Directors Association. 2018 Oct 1; 19(10):824-832.
Abstract: The initiative described here aims to identify quality indicators (QIs) germane to the international practice of primary care providers (PCP) in post-acute and long-term care in order to demonstrate the added value of medical providers in nursing homes (NHs). A 7-member international team identified and adapted existing QIs to the AMDA competencies for medical providers. QI sources included the ACOVE 3 Quality Indicators (2007), NH Quality Indicators (2004), NH Residential Care Quality Indicators (2002), and AGS Choosing Wisely (2014). We recruited a technical expert panel (TEP) consisting of 11 panelists from the US, Canada, and the European Union, selected for their knowledge and leadership in post-acute and long-term care. The TEP, using a RAND Modified Delphi approach, provided pre-meeting ratings, discussed items in-person for clarification, and re-rated items following discussion. When panelists rated more than 1 option for a particular QI as valid and feasible, the most stringent option was selected for inclusion in the final candidate set of QIs. Panelists confidentially rated an initial 103 items on validity and feasibility of implementation. During the meeting, panelists added 18 QIs and modified 18. In post-meeting analysis, we eliminated 7 QIs rated not valid and 9 QIs for which a more stringent QI was rated valid and feasible. This resulted in a final set of 97 QIs rated valid and feasible and 8 rated valid but not feasible. This set of QIs for PCPs in the NH identified practices in which provider engagement adds value through expertise in geriatric syndromes, employing evidence-based practice, advocating for residents, delivering person-centered care, facilitating advance care planning, and communicating effectively to coordinate care. Next steps include pilot testing and evaluating the association between adherence to QIs, PCP staffing models, and better outcomes.