Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

Research Topics

Complementary and Integrative Health

Complementary and integrative health (CIH) consists of treatment approaches that are not currently part of conventional medical practice, and may be considered complementary (i.e., used in place of or used along with standard medical care). Integrative medicine refers to care that blends both mainstream and alternative practices. CIH emphasizes patient empowerment, self-activation, preventive self-care, and wellness. Generally, most CIH approaches fall into two categories: natural products, such as herbs, vitamins and minerals, and probiotics; and mind-body practices, such as yoga, meditation, massage therapy, acupuncture, and mindfulness.  

VA health services research into CIH includes access to these modalities in VA settings; efficacy of both products and mind-body practices; and evaluations of benefits and costs.

Each "widget" below is populated by a dynamic search of the HSR&D website and its underlying databases. Search results are generated based on the search term " Complementary and Integrative Health". Results are updated regularly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources


(5 of more than 29 COMPLEMENTARY AND INTEGRATIVE HEALTH focused publications)

» View more Citations

↑   Top

Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 3 COMPLEMENTARY AND INTEGRATIVE HEALTH focused publication briefs)

  • VA/HSR&D Research on Complementary and Integrative Health Therapies within VA
    Funded by HSR&D, this special issue of Medical Care highlights how research on complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapies in the VA healthcare system has progressed along the QUERI (Quality Enhancement Research Initiative) Implementation Roadmap – from pre-implementation to implementation to sustainment. CIH approaches are becoming more available throughout VA, due to: 1) increased imple...
    Date: September 1, 2020
  • Many VA Patients Use and are Interested in Learning More about Complementary and Integrated Health Options
    In part to guide the expansion of evidence-based complementary and integrative health (CIH), VA leaders sought current information on Veterans’ interest in and use of various CIH approaches, both inside and outside the VA healthcare system. Thus, investigators in this study analyzed survey results from a large sample of Veterans on their interest in, use of, and satisfactions with 26 CIH approache...
    Date: April 22, 2019
  • Women Veterans with Pain More Likely to Use Complementary and Integrative Therapies
    This study sought to examine complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapy use by gender among Veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain, and variations in gender differences by race/ethnicity and age. Findings showed that of Veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain, more women than men used CIH therapies (36% vs. 26%). Black women, regardless of age, were least likely to use CIH therapies...
    Date: September 1, 2018

» View more Publication Briefs

↑   Top


( 5 of more than 2 COMPLEMENTARY AND INTEGRATIVE HEALTH focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 16-262 Association of Complementary and Integrative Health (CHI) Interventions with Opioid Use and Related Risks Among Veterans With Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) and PTSD Goulet, Joseph 2018-05-01
IIR 16-262 Association of Complementary and Integrative Health (CHI) Interventions with Opioid Use and Related Risks Among Veterans With Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) and PTSD Goulet, Joseph 2018-05-01
IIR 15-333 Trial Outcomes for Massage: Caregiver-Assisted vs. Therapist-Treated (TOMCATT) Bair, Matthew 2017-02-01

» View more Studies

↑   Top

HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample " Complementary and Integrative Health" publications displayed.

» View more Publications

↑   Top

Topic Spotlight

There are currently no spotlight features on this topic.

↑   Top


The most recent " Complementary and Integrative Health" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
3/18/2021 Trial Outcomes for Massage - Care Ally-Assisted vs. Therapist Treated (TOMCATT) Study: Challenges and Early Findings Bair, Matt  
3/2/2021 Association Between Nonpharmacological Pain Treatment Utilization and Opioid Tapering Among Veterans Receiving Long-Term Opioid Therapy Black, Anne  
Zeliadt, Steven  
1/21/2021 Compendium on Use of Complementary and Integrative Health Therapies and Chiropractic Care at the VA Gelman, Hannah  
Taylor, Stephanie  
Zeliadt, Steven  
7/21/2020 Increasing Access to Medication-Assisted Treatment in VISN 22: Using VA Data to Guide Implementation Oberman, Rebecca  
Toy, Shawn  
Resnick, Adam  
Chang, Evelyn  
5/21/2020 Doctor, What Can I Do to Protect Myself and My Family? A Review of the Potential Role for Complementary and Integrative Health During COVID-19 Seal, Karen  

» View more Cyberseminars

↑   Top


There are currently no videos for this topic.

↑   Top


There are currently no podcasts for this topic.

↑   Top

Other Resources

↑   Top

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.