Health Services Research & Development

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Research Topics


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease that can cause coughing wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD, however, up to 25 percent of people with the condition have never smoked. Long-term exposure to lung irritants—such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dusts—also may contribute to COPD. A rare genetic condition called alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency can also cause the disease. For many Veterans, combat deployments exposed them to potentially toxic lung irritants, and VA conducts research to improve care for those Veterans coping with COPD.

Search results were generated based on the search term "COPD". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources



Citations

(5 of more than 253 COPD focused publications)


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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 13 COPD focused publication briefs)

  • Chronic Opioid Therapy Common among Hospitalized Veterans, Associated with Increased Risk of Death and Re-Admission
    This study sought to determine the prevalence of prior chronic opioid therapy (COT) among hospitalized medical patients, in addition to examining characteristics associated with inpatients that had previous opioid therapy compared to those with no opioid therapy prior to hospital admission. Findings showed that COT is common among hospitalized Veterans; moreover, occasional and chronic opioid use ...
    Date: December 6, 2013
  • Adoption of PACT Features is Significantly Associated with Lower Risk of Avoidable Hospitalization
    The primary outcome measured in this study was potentially avoidable hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSC) that included: asthma, angina without procedure, pneumonia, dehydration, COPD, congestive heart failure, complications related to diabetes, hypertension, perforated appendix, and urinary tract infection. In addition, the total number and costs of ACSC hospitalizati...
    Date: March 26, 2013
  • Decreases in VA Hospital Length-of-Stay and Readmission Rates over 14 Years
    This study sought to determine trends in hospital length of stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission rates in the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that VA hospitals demonstrated simultaneous improvements in hospital LOS and readmission rates from 1997 to 2010. This demonstrates that LOS reductions have not, thus far, adversely affected the likelihood of hospital readmission. For all medical diagnos...
    Date: December 18, 2012
  • Chronic Conditions among Veterans and Related VA Healthcare Spending Trends: 2000-2008
    This study estimated the change in prevalence and total VA spending for 16 chronic conditions (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, heart conditions, depression, PTSD, renal failure, cancer) between 2000 and 2008. Findings showed that most of the total VA spending increases during the study period were driven by the increase in VA’s patient population – from 3.3 million in 2000 to 4.9 million in 2008. I...
    Date: December 1, 2011
  • Caregivers of Veterans with Chronic Illness
    This study sought to identify predictors of caregiver strain and satisfaction associated with caring for Veterans with chronic illness. Findings showed that although 76% of caregivers reported feeling very self-confident in their caregiving role, more than one-third (37%) reported high strain. Overall, the mean caregiving satisfaction score indicated a moderate level of satisfaction. Caregiver cha...
    Date: November 22, 2011

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Studies

( 5 of more than 45 COPD focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 17-263 post-REcovery LIbEration From Oxygen in Exacerbated COPD (RELIEF) Feemster, Laura Cecere 2018-07-01
IIR 14-346 Palliative Care to Improve Quality of Life in CHF and COPD Bekelman, David 2016-07-01
IIR 14-060 Understanding Patient Management of COPD Exacerbations Fan, Vincent 2016-05-01
IIR 12-130 Integrating Care After Exacerbation of COPD (InCasE) Au, David 2014-08-01
PPO 10-299 Location and timing of inhaler use, exacerbations and physical activity in COPD Fan, Vincent 2011-08-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "COPD" publications displayed.

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Cyberseminars

The most recent "COPD" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
7/9/2018 Phenotyping Physiologic Measurement of Lung Function in the VA EHR Using Automated Tools Akgün, Kathleen  
12/7/2017 De-implementing inhaled corticosteroids to improve quality and safety for patients with mild-to-moderate COPD: Mixed-methods findings of primary-care providers’ perspectives Stryczek, Krysttel  
Helfrich, Christian  
METRIC IV Overview of "Development, Validity and Responsiveness of Clinical COPD Questionnaire” Teal, Cayla  

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Videos


There are currently no videos for this topic.

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Podcasts


There are currently no podcasts for this topic.

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Other Resources

  • The VA and DoD agree on a common set of practice guidelines for a specific group of health conditions, including COPD. Learn more about those guidelines here.
  • Learn more about research on the relationship between exposure to dioxin and COPD.
  • Access the Veterans Health Library to find out more information about COPD or other health conditions.

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