Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease that can cause coughing wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD, however, up to 25 percent of people with the condition have never smoked. Long-term exposure to lung irritants—such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dusts—also may contribute to COPD. A rare genetic condition called alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency can also cause the disease. For many Veterans, combat deployments exposed them to potentially toxic lung irritants, and VA conducts research to improve care for those Veterans coping with COPD.
Search results were generated based on the search term "COPD". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 253 COPD focused publications)
- Zeidler MR, Martin JL, Kleerup EC, Schneider H, Mitchell MN, Hansel NN, Sundar K, Schotland H, Basner RC, Wells JM, Krishnan JA, Criner GJ, Cristenson S, Krachman S, Badr MS, SPIROMICS Research Group. Sleep disruption as a predictor of quality of life among patients in the subpopulations and intermediate outcome measures in COPD study (SPIROMICS). Sleep. 2018 May 1; 41(5).
- Magzamen S, Oron AP, Locke ER, Fan VS. Association of ambient pollution with inhaler use among patients with COPD: a panel study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2018 May 1; 75(5):382-388.
- Lee J, Nguyen HQ, Jarrett ME, Mitchell PH, Pike KC, Fan VS. Effect of symptoms on physical performance in COPD. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 2018 Mar 1; 47(2):149-156.
- Thakur ER, Sansgiry S, Petersen NJ, Stanley M, Kunik ME, Naik AD, Cully JA. Cognitive and Perceptual Factors, Not Disease Severity, Are Linked with Anxiety in COPD: Results from a Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2018 Feb 1; 25(1):74-84.
- Helfrich CD, Stryczek K. De-implementing inhaled corticosteroids to improve quality and safety for patients with mild-to-moderate COPD: Mixed-methods findings of primary-care providers' perspectives. QUERI Implementation Network Series [Cyberseminar]. HSR&D. 2017 Dec 7.
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(5 of more than 14 COPD focused publication briefs)
- Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Reduces Suicidal Ideation among Veterans with Chronic Illness
Brief cognitive behavioral therapy (bCBT) intervention delivered by VA mental health providers in primary care settings is effective for depression, anxiety, and improves physical health quality of life. Investigators in the current study determined the effect of bCBT on suicidal ideation among Veterans with cardiopulmonary chronic illness receiving mental health treatment in a VA primary care set...
Date: February 8, 2019
- Chronic Opioid Therapy Common among Hospitalized Veterans, Associated with Increased Risk of Death and Re-Admission
This study sought to determine the prevalence of prior chronic opioid therapy (COT) among hospitalized medical patients, in addition to examining characteristics associated with inpatients that had previous opioid therapy compared to those with no opioid therapy prior to hospital admission. Findings showed that COT is common among hospitalized Veterans; moreover, occasional and chronic opioid use ...
Date: December 6, 2013
- Adoption of PACT Features is Significantly Associated with Lower Risk of Avoidable Hospitalization
The primary outcome measured in this study was potentially avoidable hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSC) that included: asthma, angina without procedure, pneumonia, dehydration, COPD, congestive heart failure, complications related to diabetes, hypertension, perforated appendix, and urinary tract infection. In addition, the total number and costs of ACSC hospitalizati...
Date: March 26, 2013
- Decreases in VA Hospital Length-of-Stay and Readmission Rates over 14 Years
This study sought to determine trends in hospital length of stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission rates in the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that VA hospitals demonstrated simultaneous improvements in hospital LOS and readmission rates from 1997 to 2010. This demonstrates that LOS reductions have not, thus far, adversely affected the likelihood of hospital readmission. For all medical diagnos...
Date: December 18, 2012
- Chronic Conditions among Veterans and Related VA Healthcare Spending Trends: 2000-2008
This study estimated the change in prevalence and total VA spending for 16 chronic conditions (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, heart conditions, depression, PTSD, renal failure, cancer) between 2000 and 2008. Findings showed that most of the total VA spending increases during the study period were driven by the increase in VA’s patient population – from 3.3 million in 2000 to 4.9 million in 2008. I...
Date: December 1, 2011
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( 5 of more than 49 COPD focused projects
|| Improving Multi-Disciplinary Teamwork for Veterans with COPD: Mixed Methods Study
|| post-REcovery LIbEration From Oxygen in Exacerbated COPD (RELIEF)
|| Palliative Care to Improve Quality of Life in CHF and COPD
|| Understanding Patient Management of COPD Exacerbations
|| Integrating Care After Exacerbation of COPD (InCasE)
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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters
5 sample "COPD" publications displayed.
...HSR&D Impacts HSR&D Impacts Health Services Reserach and Development Service Impacts 1998 » Back to main Impacts page Aging and Age-Related Changes...
Management Briefs eBrief-no38 - Rural vs. Urban Ambulatory Healthcare
...for which there was a paucity of evidence regarding their prevention, diagnosis, or treatment in rural healthcare settings (e.g., COPD, chronic...
Management Briefs eBrief-no64 - Group Visits Focusing on Education for the Management of Chronic Conditions in Adults
...questions below. The interventions focused on education for the management of arthritis/falls prevention (n=22), asthma/COPD (n=10), hypertension/...
Management Briefs eBrief-no90 - Evidence Map of Tai Chi
...across outcomes, comparators, and settings. Statistically significant health effects also were reported for osteoarthritis, COPD (chronic obstructive...
Management Briefs eBrief-no106 - Pharmacist-Led Chronic Disease Management: Effectiveness and Harms Compared to Usual Care
...disease, chronic kidney disease, COPD, depression, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension) are common among Veterans. Seventeen studies were conducted...
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- The VA and DoD agree on a common set of practice guidelines for a specific group of health conditions, including COPD. Learn more about those guidelines here.
- Learn more about research on the relationship between exposure to dioxin and COPD.
- Access the Veterans Health Library to find out more information about COPD or other health conditions.