Healthcare Associated Infections: MRSA
Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are diseases that are transmitted or occur within a healthcare facility, such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other bacterial pathogens. HSR&D investigators study important questions around HAIs, such as how to improve clinical room disinfection and increase rates of hand-washing among healthcare providers.
Search results were generated based on the search term "MRSA". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 55 MRSA focused publications)
- Gilmartin HM, Hessels A. Journal Club: Commentary on "Risk factors for MRSA colonization in the neonatal ICU: A systematic review and meta-analysis". American journal of infection control. 2017 Dec 1; 45(12):1405-1406.
- Harris AD, Morgan DJ, Pineles L, Perencevich EN, Barnes SL. Deconstructing the relative benefits of a universal glove and gown intervention on MRSA acquisition. The Journal of hospital infection. 2017 May 1; 96(1):49-53.
- Balbale SN, Hill JN, Guihan M, Hogan TP, Cameron KA, Goldstein B, Evans CT. Evaluating implementation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) prevention guidelines in spinal cord injury centers using the PARIHS framework: a mixed methods study. Implementation Science. 2015 Sep 9; 10:130.
- Balbale SN, Hill JN, Guihan M, Hogan TP, Cameron K, Goldstein B, Evans (Mayfield) CT, Babale S. Evaluating implementation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) prevention guidelines in VA spinal cord injury and disorder centers using the PARIHS framework: a mixed-methods study. Poster session presented at: AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting; 2015 Jun 15; Minneapolis, MN.
- Eko KE, Forshey BM, Carrel M, Schweizer ML, Perencevich EN, Smith TC. Molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal colonization and infection isolates in a Veterans Affairs hospital. Antimicrobial resistance and infection control. 2015 Apr 2; 4:10.
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(5 of more than 6 MRSA focused publication briefs)
- MRSA Prevention Initiative Results in Additional Significant Decline in Other Bacteremia Rates across 130 VHA Facilities
VA introduced the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Prevention Initiative in 2007. Although the Initiative was perceived as only targeting MRSA, it also expanded infection prevention and control programs and resources, which could result in lower rates of infection with other pathogenic bacteria. This study assessed the effect of the MRSA Initiative on hospital-onset gram-negative...
Date: June 28, 2016
- Targeted Cost-Saving Method for MRSA and VRE Surveillance in VA Hospitals
Emerging antibiotic-resistant bacteria, including MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) and VRE (vancomycin-resistant enterococcus), are leading causes of infections in hospitalized patients that result in significant costs, morbidity, and mortality. This prospective study investigated alternative methods for targeted active surveillance (using a prediction rule to identify a group of...
Date: December 1, 2010
- Responding to Decline in MRSA Infection
This JAMA Editorial reports on the current status of MRSA (methicillin-resistant S aureus) infection rates – and what it may mean for the future. Using data from 2005-2008, the CDC’s surveillance system showed a continuous decline of invasive MRSA disease. This includes an estimated 9.4% annual decrease in hospital onset and an estimated 5.7% annual decrease in healthcare-associated community-onse...
Date: August 11, 2010
- Implementation of a VA Quality Improvement Initiative Improves Knowledge and Perceptions Regarding MRSA Prevention
Implementation of the initiative at 17 VAMCs was associated with temporal improvements in knowledge and perceptions regarding MRSA prevention. Between baseline and follow-up, there were increases in the number of respondents who: correctly identified that alcohol-based hand rub is more effective at inactivating MRSA than soap and water, reported cleaning their hands when entering and exiting a pa...
Date: February 3, 2010
- Toyota Production System Methodology Leads to Improved Peri-Operative Care in One VAMC
In the Toyota Production System (TPS) industrial engineering approach, front-line work groups identify problems, experiment with possible solutions, measure the results, and implement strategies to improve quality, resulting in a “ground-up” rather than “top-down” approach to solving system problems. Beginning in 2001, one VAMC instituted TPS methods to reduce Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus ...
Date: September 1, 2009
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( 5 of more than 19 MRSA focused projects
|| Preventing MRSA infections: a virtual comparative effectiveness model
|| Checklist to Prevent MRSA Surgical Site Infections
|| Using Economics and Epidemiology to Evaluate MRSA Decolonization in the VA (CDA 11-210)
|| Assessment of MRSA prevention practice in VA Spinal Cord Injury Centers
||Evans (Mayfield), Charlesnika
|| Improving MRSA Control through Simulation and Surveillance
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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters
5 sample "MRSA" publications displayed.
May 2010 FORUM
...and the CDC to adopt the principles of the Toyota Production System (TPS) to reduce transmission of MRSA and MRSA health care-associated infections...
May 2010 FORUM
...M.D., Associate Director, VHA MRSA Prevention Program Data from the VHA MRSA Prevention Initiative from inception of the program to the present...
May 2010 FORUM
...rather than continuing to delegate HAIs to the infection control program, are those that have seen dramatic reductions in MRSA and other HAIs...
October 2014 FORUM
...analysis of MRSA screening tests yielded insights about the role of readmission to amplify the impact of even modest reductions in MRSA transmission....
HSR&D Research Briefs
...in July. VA's MRSA Reduction Program Featured in The New York Times. In 2007, VA implemented a comprehensive MRSA prevention plan that was recently...
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- Learn more about the projects being conducted within HSR&D's Advancing MRSA Infection Prevention CREATE (Collaborative Research to Enhance and Advance Transformation and Excellence) initiative.
- Learn more about the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative's Antimicrobial Resistance Program and their research to improve the use of antibiotics and prevent healthcare associated infections.
- Visit the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention to learn more about different types of healthcare associated infections.