Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can cause mild to severe illness. Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause pneumonia. Some types of pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics, and other types can be prevented with a vaccine. Within VA, research on pneumonia focuses on improving Veterans’ access to treatment and vaccination, preventing the spread of infection within healthcare settings, and improving health outcomes for Veterans with underlying respiratory illness.
Search results were generated based on the search term "Pneumonia". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 339 PNEUMONIA focused publications)
- Bostwick AD, Jones BE, Paine R, Goetz MB, Samore M, Jones M. Potential Impact of Hospital-acquired Pneumonia Guidelines on Empiric Antibiotics. An Evaluation of 113 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2019 Nov 1; 16(11):1392-1398.
- Surendran Nair M, Eucker T, Martinson B, Neubauer A, Victoria J, Nicholson B, Pieters M. Influence of pig gut microbiota on Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae susceptibility. Veterinary research. 2019 Oct 28; 50(1):86.
- Wenger DS, Triplette M, Crothers K, Cheng GS, Hill JA, Milano F, Shahrir S, Schoch G, Vande Vusse LK. Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Idiopathic Pneumonia Syndrome after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation : Journal of The American Society For Blood and Marrow Transplantation. 2019 Oct 9; 26(2):413-420.
- Baghdadi J, Harris AD. Working Toward Better Metrics for Nonventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia. JAMA Network Open. 2019 Oct 2; 2(10):e1913662.
- Metlay JP, Waterer GW, Long AC, Anzueto A, Brozek J, Crothers K, Cooley LA, Dean NC, Fine MJ, Flanders SA, Griffin MR, Metersky ML, Musher DM, Restrepo MI, Whitney CG. Diagnosis and Treatment of Adults with Community-acquired Pneumonia. An Official Clinical Practice Guideline of the American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2019 Oct 1; 200(7):e45-e67.
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(5 of more than 18 PNEUMONIA focused publication briefs)
- Lack of Awareness among VA Providers about Risk Associated with Prescribing Inhaled Corticosteroids to Veterans with COPD
More than 50% of patients with mild-to-moderate COPD in the U.S. are prescribed inhaled corticosteroids despite recommendations to restrict use to patients with frequent breathing exacerbations. This study explored VA primary care providers’ experiences prescribing inhaled corticosteroids among Veterans with mild-to-moderate COPD. Of the Veterans with COPD in this study cohort, 15% were prescribed...
Date: August 8, 2019
- Using Yelp, VA Hospitals Rated Higher than Affiliated Non-VA Hospitals
Online patient ratings of hospitals (e.g., Yelp) have been shown to correlate strongly with more conventional measures of patient satisfaction, as well as patient outcomes. Therefore, this study compared online hospital ratings from Yelp between VA hospitals and their local affiliated hospitals. Findings showed that VA hospitals had significantly higher Yelp ratings than non-VA-affiliated hospital...
Date: June 28, 2017
- ICU Treatment for Medicare Patients with Pneumonia Associated with Better Outcomes without Increased Costs
This study sought to determine the association between ICU admission and outcomes, 30-day mortality, and costs among Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for pneumonia. To account for unmeasured confounding between groups (ICU vs. general ward admission), an instrumental variable (IV) was used – the differential distance to a high-ICU use hospital. Findings showed that ICU admission of those patien...
Date: September 22, 2015
- Comparing High-Dose Influenza Vaccine to Standard-Dose Vaccine among Elderly Veterans
This study assessed the relative effectiveness of high-dose (HD) influenza vaccination compared to standard-dose (SD) vaccination among Veterans 65 years and older who received either HD or SD vaccine during the 2010-2011 flu season. Findings showed that high-dose influenza vaccine was not more effective than standard-dose vaccine in protecting against hospitalization for influenza or pneumonia in...
Date: March 31, 2015
- Improved Performance on Quality Measures is Accompanied by Increased Racial/Ethnic Equity in Care
This study examined the quality and equity of hospital care during the six years following initiation of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Inpatient Quality Reporting (IQR) Program (2005 to 2010), focusing on 17 process-of-care quality indicators publicly reported by the program for white, black, and Hispanic patients hospitalized for AMI, HF, and pneumonia in non-VA hospitals. Fi...
Date: December 11, 2014
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( 5 of more than 12 PNEUMONIA focused projects
|| Understanding and Improving Decision-making in Pneumonia with Informatics
|| Reducing Length of Stay for Veterans Hospitalized with Pneumonia
|| Implementation of Practices to Improve Efficiency of Care for Pneumonia
|| Quality Improvement Technical Assistance Project - Community Acquired Pneumonia
|| Improving Care for Nursing Home Pneumonia in NHCUs and Veterans' Homes
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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters
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