Health Services Research & Development

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Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can cause mild to severe illness. Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause pneumonia. Some types of pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics, and other types can be prevented with a vaccine. Within VA, research on pneumonia focuses on improving Veterans’ access to treatment and vaccination, preventing the spread of infection within healthcare settings, and improving health outcomes for Veterans with underlying respiratory illness.

Search results were generated based on the search term "Pneumonia". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.

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(5 of more than 326 PNEUMONIA focused publications)

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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 17 PNEUMONIA focused publication briefs)

  • Using Yelp, VA Hospitals Rated Higher than Affiliated Non-VA Hospitals
    Online patient ratings of hospitals (e.g., Yelp) have been shown to correlate strongly with more conventional measures of patient satisfaction, as well as patient outcomes. Therefore, this study compared online hospital ratings from Yelp between VA hospitals and their local affiliated hospitals. Findings showed that VA hospitals had significantly higher Yelp ratings than non-VA-affiliated hospital...
    Date: June 28, 2017
  • ICU Treatment for Medicare Patients with Pneumonia Associated with Better Outcomes without Increased Costs
    This study sought to determine the association between ICU admission and outcomes, 30-day mortality, and costs among Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for pneumonia. To account for unmeasured confounding between groups (ICU vs. general ward admission), an instrumental variable (IV) was used – the differential distance to a high-ICU use hospital. Findings showed that ICU admission of those patien...
    Date: September 22, 2015
  • Comparing High-Dose Influenza Vaccine to Standard-Dose Vaccine among Elderly Veterans
    This study assessed the relative effectiveness of high-dose (HD) influenza vaccination compared to standard-dose (SD) vaccination among Veterans 65 years and older who received either HD or SD vaccine during the 2010-2011 flu season. Findings showed that high-dose influenza vaccine was not more effective than standard-dose vaccine in protecting against hospitalization for influenza or pneumonia in...
    Date: March 31, 2015
  • Improved Performance on Quality Measures is Accompanied by Increased Racial/Ethnic Equity in Care
    This study examined the quality and equity of hospital care during the six years following initiation of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Inpatient Quality Reporting (IQR) Program (2005 to 2010), focusing on 17 process-of-care quality indicators publicly reported by the program for white, black, and Hispanic patients hospitalized for AMI, HF, and pneumonia in non-VA hospitals. Fi...
    Date: December 11, 2014
  • Majority of Unplanned VA Hospital Readmissions Unrelated to Index Hospitalization
    This study examined unplanned VA hospital readmissions – and compared the leading reasons for unplanned readmission between medical and surgical discharges. Findings showed that after excluding planned readmissions, 12% of all discharges were followed by an unplanned readmission within 30 days. Although nearly 42% of unplanned readmissions were identified as clinically related, the majority of unp...
    Date: March 1, 2014

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( 5 of more than 12 PNEUMONIA focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
CDA 15-061 Understanding and Improving Decision-making in Pneumonia with Informatics Jones, Barbara 2017-04-01
PPO 09-288 Reducing Length of Stay for Veterans Hospitalized with Pneumonia Mortensen, Eric 2010-04-01
RRP 06-177 Implementation of Practices to Improve Efficiency of Care for Pneumonia Aspinall, Sherrie 2006-10-01
MRC 05-319 Quality Improvement Technical Assistance Project - Community Acquired Pneumonia Fine, Michael 2005-06-01
IIR 03-123 Improving Care for Nursing Home Pneumonia in NHCUs and Veterans' Homes Hutt, Evelyn 2004-07-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "Pneumonia" publications displayed.

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Topic Spotlight

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The most recent "Pneumonia" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
12/7/2017 De-implementing inhaled corticosteroids to improve quality and safety for patients with mild-to-moderate COPD: Mixed-methods findings of primary-care providers’ perspectives Stryczek, Krysttel  
Helfrich, Christian  
2/19/2014 Hospital Profiling with Enhanced Risk Adjustment Based on Laboratory Tests and Vital Signs Data Hanchate, Amresh  
Borzecki, Ann  

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Other Resources

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