Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can cause mild to severe illness. Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause pneumonia. Some types of pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics, and other types can be prevented with a vaccine. Within VA, research on pneumonia focuses on improving Veterans’ access to treatment and vaccination, preventing the spread of infection within healthcare settings, and improving health outcomes for Veterans with underlying respiratory illness.
Search results were generated based on the search term "Pneumonia". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 330 PNEUMONIA focused publications)
- Bostwick AD, Jones BE, Paine R, Goetz MB, Samore M, Jones M. Potential Impact of Hospital-acquired Pneumonia Guidelines on Empiric Antibiotics. An Evaluation of 113 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2019 Nov 1; 16(11):1392-1398.
- Gregory MH, Ciorba MA, Wiitala WL, Stidham RW, Higgins P, Morley SC, Hou JK, Feagins LA, Govani SM, Cohen-Mekelburg SA, Waljee AK. The Association of Medications and Vaccination with Risk of Pneumonia in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. 2019 Aug 27.
- Munro SM, Baker D. Integrating Oral Health Care into Patient Management to Prevent Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: A Team Approach. Michigan Dental Association. 2019 Jul 1; 7(1):48-57.
- Bosco E, Zullo AR, McConeghy KW, Moyo P, van Aalst R, Chit A, Mor V, Gravenstein S. Long-term Care Facility Variation in the Incidence of Pneumonia and Influenza. Open forum infectious diseases. 2019 Jun 1; 6(6):ofz230.
- Likosky DS, Harrington SD, Cabrera L, DeLucia A, Chenoweth CE, Krein SL, Thibault D, Zhang M, Matsouaka RA, Strobel RJ, Prager RL. Collaborative Quality Improvement Reduces Postoperative Pneumonia After Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery. Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes. 2018 Nov 1; 11(11):e004756.
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(5 of more than 18 PNEUMONIA focused publication briefs)
- Lack of Awareness among VA Providers about Risk Associated with Prescribing Inhaled Corticosteroids to Veterans with COPD
More than 50% of patients with mild-to-moderate COPD in the U.S. are prescribed inhaled corticosteroids despite recommendations to restrict use to patients with frequent breathing exacerbations. This study explored VA primary care providers’ experiences prescribing inhaled corticosteroids among Veterans with mild-to-moderate COPD. Of the Veterans with COPD in this study cohort, 15% were prescribed...
Date: August 8, 2019
- Using Yelp, VA Hospitals Rated Higher than Affiliated Non-VA Hospitals
Online patient ratings of hospitals (e.g., Yelp) have been shown to correlate strongly with more conventional measures of patient satisfaction, as well as patient outcomes. Therefore, this study compared online hospital ratings from Yelp between VA hospitals and their local affiliated hospitals. Findings showed that VA hospitals had significantly higher Yelp ratings than non-VA-affiliated hospital...
Date: June 28, 2017
- ICU Treatment for Medicare Patients with Pneumonia Associated with Better Outcomes without Increased Costs
This study sought to determine the association between ICU admission and outcomes, 30-day mortality, and costs among Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for pneumonia. To account for unmeasured confounding between groups (ICU vs. general ward admission), an instrumental variable (IV) was used – the differential distance to a high-ICU use hospital. Findings showed that ICU admission of those patien...
Date: September 22, 2015
- Comparing High-Dose Influenza Vaccine to Standard-Dose Vaccine among Elderly Veterans
This study assessed the relative effectiveness of high-dose (HD) influenza vaccination compared to standard-dose (SD) vaccination among Veterans 65 years and older who received either HD or SD vaccine during the 2010-2011 flu season. Findings showed that high-dose influenza vaccine was not more effective than standard-dose vaccine in protecting against hospitalization for influenza or pneumonia in...
Date: March 31, 2015
- Improved Performance on Quality Measures is Accompanied by Increased Racial/Ethnic Equity in Care
This study examined the quality and equity of hospital care during the six years following initiation of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Inpatient Quality Reporting (IQR) Program (2005 to 2010), focusing on 17 process-of-care quality indicators publicly reported by the program for white, black, and Hispanic patients hospitalized for AMI, HF, and pneumonia in non-VA hospitals. Fi...
Date: December 11, 2014
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( 5 of more than 12 PNEUMONIA focused projects
|| Understanding and Improving Decision-making in Pneumonia with Informatics
|| Reducing Length of Stay for Veterans Hospitalized with Pneumonia
|| Implementation of Practices to Improve Efficiency of Care for Pneumonia
|| Quality Improvement Technical Assistance Project - Community Acquired Pneumonia
|| Improving Care for Nursing Home Pneumonia in NHCUs and Veterans' Homes
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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters
5 sample "Pneumonia" publications displayed.
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