Stroke occurs when something blocks blood supply to part of the brain, or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In either case, brain tissue becomes damaged or dies. A stroke can cause lasting brain damage, long-term disability, or result in death. There are two different types of stroke—ischemic, which occurs as a result of blockage by a blood clot; and hemorrhagic, which occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In VA, research into stroke focuses on everything from prevention to improving post-stroke health outcomes.
Search results were generated based on the search term "Stroke". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 893 STROKE focused publications)
- Chaturvedi S, Myers L, Perkins A, Bravata DM. Predictors of Post-stroke Death in the Veterans Affairs Hospital System. Neurology. 2020 Apr 14; 94(15):1363.
- Tozlu C, Edwards D, Boes A, Labar D, Tsagaris KZ, Silverstein J, Pepper Lane H, Sabuncu MR, Liu C, Kuceyeski A. Machine Learning Methods Predict Individual Upper-Limb Motor Impairment Following Therapy in Chronic Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2020 Mar 20; 1545968320909796.
- Levine DA, Langa KM, Fagerlin A, Morgenstern LB, Nallamothu BK, Forman J, Galecki A, Kabeto MU, Kollman CD, Olorode T, Giordani B, Lisabeth LD, Zahuranec DB. Physician decision-making and recommendations for stroke and myocardial infarction treatments in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. PLoS ONE. 2020 Mar 17; 15(3):e0230446.
- Khera R, Girotra S. Cerebral Embolic Protection Devices in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement-Effective in Stroke Prevention? JAMA internal medicine. 2020 Feb 24.
- Zinchuk AV, Redeker NS, Chu JH, Liang J, Stepnowsky C, Brandt CA, Bravata DM, Wellman A, Sands SA, Yaggi HK. Physiological Traits and Adherence to Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment in Patients with Stroke. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2020 Feb 21.
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(5 of more than 25 STROKE focused publication briefs)
- Six Readily Available Processes of Care Can Decrease Mortality for Individuals with TIA or Non-Severe Stroke
This study sought to identify specific processes of care that are associated with reduced risk of recurrent stroke or death among patients with TIA or non-severe stroke. Six processes were found to be effective in acute TIA management studies: brain imaging, carotid artery imaging, hypertension medication intensification, high-moderate potency statin, antithrombotics, and anticoagulation for atria...
Date: July 3, 2019
- Higher Statin Adherence Associated with Lower Mortality in Veterans with Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
This analysis sought to determine whether statin adherence is associated with mortality in stable patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Findings showed that higher statin adherence was associated with lower mortality in a national sample of Veterans with ACSVD. Also, ischemic heart disease or stroke hospitalizations in the VA healthcare system were more frequent in Veterans...
Date: February 13, 2019
- Evidence Review Identifies Modest Mortality Disparities among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in VA Healthcare
To support VA’s efforts to better understand the scale and determinants of disparities in racial and ethnic mortality – and to develop interventions to reduce disparities, investigators from the VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center in Portland, OR conducted an evidence review of mortality disparities specific to VA. Findings showed that although VA’s equal access healthcar...
Date: March 1, 2018
- Systematic Review Finds Treating Blood Pressure to Current Guidelines in Older Adults Improves Health Outcomes
This systematic review sought to compare the effects of more versus less intensive blood pressure control in older adults. Findings showed that treating blood pressure in adults over 60 to at least current guideline standards (<150/90 mmHg) substantially improves health outcomes in older adults, including reducing mortality, stroke, and cardiac events. The most consistent and largest effects were ...
Date: March 21, 2017
- Use of Oral Anticoagulant Therapy for Veterans with Atrial Fibrillation Declines over 10-Year Period in VA Healthcare
Among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), oral anticoagulants (OACs) are recommended when the risk of stroke is moderate or high, but not when the risk of stroke is low. This study sought to quantify trends and evaluate guideline adherence with OACs in Veterans with newly diagnosed AF over a ten-year period within the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that among Veterans with new AF and ad...
Date: June 21, 2016
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( 5 of more than 70 STROKE focused projects
|| Addressing Sleep Apnea Post-Stroke (ASAP)
|| Spanish Online & Telephone Intervention for Caregivers of Veterans with Stroke
|| Hypertension Improvement Pilot Intervention in Post-Stroke Veterans
|| Improving Cerebrovascular Risk Factor Management in Post-Stroke Veterans
|| Utilizing the RESCUE Stroke Caregiver Website to Enhance Discharge Planning
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