Stroke occurs when something blocks blood supply to part of the brain, or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In either case, brain tissue becomes damaged or dies. A stroke can cause lasting brain damage, long-term disability, or result in death. There are two different types of stroke—ischemic, which occurs as a result of blockage by a blood clot; and hemorrhagic, which occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In VA, research into stroke focuses on everything from prevention to improving post-stroke health outcomes.
Search results were generated based on the search term "Stroke". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 901 STROKE focused publications)
- Rhinehart ZJ, Kinnee E, Essien UR, Saul M, Guhl E, Clougherty JE, Magnani JW. Association of Fine Particulate Matter and Risk of Stroke in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation. JAMA Network Open. 2020 Sep 1; 3(9):e2011760.
- Levine DA, Galecki A, Kabeto M, Nallamothu BK, Zahuranec DB, Morgenstern LB, Lisabeth LD, Giordani B, Langa KM. Mild cognitive impairment and receipt of procedures for acute ischemic stroke in older adults. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association. 2020 Aug 2; 29(10):105083.
- Patel H, Damush TM, Miech E, Rattray NA, Martin H, Savoy A, Plue LD, Anderson J, Martini S, Graham GD, Williams LS. Building Cohesion in Distributed Telemedicine Teams Findings from the Department of Veterans Affairs National Telestroke Program. BMC health services research. 2020 Jul 20; https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-39716/v1.
- Al Rifai M, Blaha MJ, Ahmed A, Almasoudi F, Johansen MC, Qureshi W, Sakr S, Virani SS, Brawner CA, Ehrman JK, Keteyian SJ, Al-Mallah MH. Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Incident Stroke Types: The FIT (Henry Ford ExercIse Testing) Project. Mayo Clinic proceedings. 2020 Jul 1; 95(7):1379-1389.
- Guo J, He M, Magnani JW, Brooks MM, Gellad WF, Hernandez I. Comparison of Oral Anticoagulant Use and Stroke Risk Among Older Adults Newly-Diagnosed Atrial Fibrillation Living in Urban-Versus-Rural Areas. The American journal of cardiology. 2020 Jun 17; 130:64-69.
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(5 of more than 26 STROKE focused publication briefs)
- Quality Improvement Intervention Improves Outcomes for Veterans with New Ischemic Stroke Symptoms
The Protocol-guided Rapid Evaluation of Veterans Experiencing New Transient Neurological Symptoms (PREVENT) intervention was developed to improve the quality of VA care for Veterans experiencing transient ischemic attack (TIA). This trial evaluated the PREVENT intervention at six diverse VA medical centers and assessed temporal trends in care quality among 36 matched control sites (six control sit...
Date: September 8, 2020
- Six Readily Available Processes of Care Can Decrease Mortality for Individuals with TIA or Non-Severe Stroke
This study sought to identify specific processes of care that are associated with reduced risk of recurrent stroke or death among patients with TIA or non-severe stroke. Six processes were found to be effective in acute TIA management studies: brain imaging, carotid artery imaging, hypertension medication intensification, high-moderate potency statin, antithrombotics, and anticoagulation for atria...
Date: July 3, 2019
- Higher Statin Adherence Associated with Lower Mortality in Veterans with Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
This analysis sought to determine whether statin adherence is associated with mortality in stable patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Findings showed that higher statin adherence was associated with lower mortality in a national sample of Veterans with ACSVD. Also, ischemic heart disease or stroke hospitalizations in the VA healthcare system were more frequent in Veterans...
Date: February 13, 2019
- Evidence Review Identifies Modest Mortality Disparities among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in VA Healthcare
To support VA’s efforts to better understand the scale and determinants of disparities in racial and ethnic mortality – and to develop interventions to reduce disparities, investigators from the VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center in Portland, OR conducted an evidence review of mortality disparities specific to VA. Findings showed that although VA’s equal access healthcar...
Date: March 1, 2018
- Systematic Review Finds Treating Blood Pressure to Current Guidelines in Older Adults Improves Health Outcomes
This systematic review sought to compare the effects of more versus less intensive blood pressure control in older adults. Findings showed that treating blood pressure in adults over 60 to at least current guideline standards (<150/90 mmHg) substantially improves health outcomes in older adults, including reducing mortality, stroke, and cardiac events. The most consistent and largest effects were ...
Date: March 21, 2017
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( 5 of more than 70 STROKE focused projects
|| Addressing Sleep Apnea Post-Stroke (ASAP)
|| Spanish Online & Telephone Intervention for Caregivers of Veterans with Stroke
|| Hypertension Improvement Pilot Intervention in Post-Stroke Veterans
|| Improving Cerebrovascular Risk Factor Management in Post-Stroke Veterans
|| Utilizing the RESCUE Stroke Caregiver Website to Enhance Discharge Planning
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