Health Services Research & Development

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Management in Primary Care

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Management in Primary Care Screening and Therapy

Investigators: Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, FACP, Tara Muzyk, PharmD,and Mark Garzotto, MD.

Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, OR
VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System, Las Vegas, NV

Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs; February 2007.

Download PDF: Complete Report, Executive Summary, Report, Appendices

Summary / Overview

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes urinary hesitancy and intermittency, weak urine stream, nocturia, frequency, urgency, and the sensation of incomplete bladder emptying. These symptoms, collectively called "lower urinary tract symptoms," or LUTS, can significantly reduce quality of life. Depending upon the severity of sypmtoms, men may be managed without pharmacotherapy, or they may require medical treatments of drugs from two main classes. This Evidence Synthesis Report addresses the following questions about treatment for BPH:

  1. For patients with BPH, what are the comparative benefits, harms, and efficacy of combination therapy with a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor plus an alpha blocker, versus either treatment alone?
  2. What are the comparative efficacy and harms of alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists?
  3. Are there subgroups of patients based on demographics (age, racial groups), other medications, or co-morbidities for which one treatment is more effective or associated with fewer adverse events?

See also


Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Synthesis of the Evidence (VA HSR&D Management e-Brief) (56 KB, PDF)