Principal Investigator: Jennifer L. Strauss, Ph.D.; Co-Investigators: Remy Coeytaux, M.D., Ph.D.; Jennifer McDuffie, Ph.D.; John W. Williams Jr., M.D., M.H.Sc
Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Center Durham VA Medical Center
Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs; August 2011
Download PDF: Complete Report, Executive Summary, Report, Appendices
See also report supplement: An Overview of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapies for Anxiety and Depressive Disorders (906 KB, PDF)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the emotional disorder most frequently associated with combat and other potentially traumatic experiences that may occur during military service. It is often chronic and may be associated with significant comorbidities and functional impairments. Current first-line PTSD therapies include trauma-focused cognitive behavioral psychotherapies, stress inoculation training, and pharmacotherapies. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) interventions include a range of therapies that are not considered standard to the practice of medicine in the U.S. CAM therapies are widely used by mental health consumers, including Veterans, and numerous stakeholders have expressed strong interest in fostering the evidence base for these approaches in PTSD. Thus, this evidence synthesis was requested by VA Research and Development to inform decisions on the need for research in this area.