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Health Services Research & Development

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Research Topics


Opioids

Opioids are a broad group of pain-relieving drugs that can be both naturally derived (morphine, heroin, and others) or synthesized in a laboratory (fentanyl and others). While generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by a doctor, opioids can be misused and may lead to addiction, overdose incidents, and death. HSR&D investigators study several aspects of opioid use, such as how best to manage opioid prescribing (including policy impacts and safety), and how to help Veterans' manage their chronic pain, both with and without medication.

Search results were generated based on the search term "Opioid". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources



Citations

(5 of more than 710 OPIOID focused publications)


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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 55 OPIOID focused publication briefs)

  • Veterans at Higher Risk of Overdose/Suicide Death After Stopping Opioid Treatment; Increasing Risk with Duration on Opioids
    This study examined the associations between stopping outpatient opioid treatment, length of opioid treatment, and overdose/suicide death among VA patients. Findings showed that Veterans were at a higher risk of overdose/suicide death after stopping opioid treatment, with increasing risk the longer they had been treated before stopping. Even patients treated for up to 30 days had a rise in risk of...
    Date: March 4, 2020
  • Few Disparities in Medical Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder after Non-Fatal Overdose
    This study assessed the association between race and ethnicity and patterns of opioid prescribing before and after a non-fatal opioid overdose – and also assessed the receipt of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD: buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone) following such events among VA patients. Findings showed that receipt of an opioid prescription decreased by 16-21 percentage points in t...
    Date: January 21, 2020
  • Past Year Opioid Misuse Associated with Past-Year Suicide Attempt among High-Risk Veterans
    The main objective of this study was to test the relationship between past-year suicide attempt and past-year opioid misuse among Veterans at high risk of suicide who also reported using at least one illicit substance or alcohol in the past year. Findings showed that past-year opioid misuse was associated with past-year, but not lifetime, suicide attempt in high suicide-risk Veterans: 82% of opioi...
    Date: December 1, 2019
  • History of Military Sexual Trauma Common among Older Women Veterans
    This study sought to determine the prevalence of military sexual trauma (MST) among older women Veterans – and investigate associations between MST and medical and mental health diagnoses. Findings showed that a history of MST was common among older women Veterans. Positive MST screens were observed in nearly 1 in 5 women aged 55-64, and 1 in 10 aged 65-74. [This is similar to the 23% prevalence f...
    Date: November 11, 2019
  • VA Opioid Treatment Outcomes Vary Significantly among Homeless and Unstably Housed Veterans
    To better address the opioid epidemic in Veterans who are unstably housed or homeless, it is necessary to determine where gaps in opioid-related care exist. This study examined a national sample of 59,954 Veterans who accessed VA homeless programs and represented a range of homeless experiences; 6% of this cohort (3,624 Veterans) entered a homeless program with a history of opioid use disorder (OU...
    Date: August 1, 2019

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Studies

( 5 of more than 44 OPIOID focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 18-231 Risks of Cannabis Use Among Veterans on Long-term Opioid Therapy Keyhani, Salomeh 2019-12-01
PPO 18-213 Adaptation of the Motivational Interviewing Skills Code to Identify Clinician and Client Language Predicting Reduced Opioid Use Risk and Increased Use of Alternative Pain Care Strategies in Veterans Borsari, Brian 2019-03-01
IIR 16-078 Effectiveness of a Rescue Medication in Preventing Opioid Overdose in Veterans Oliva, Elizabeth 2018-12-01
IIR 17-268 Chronic Pain Management and Patient-Centered Outcomes Following Discontinuation of Long-Term Opioid Therapy Lovejoy, Travis 2018-11-01
IIR 17-039 Improving Veteran Health by Increasing Dental Stewardship of Antibiotics and Opioids Suda, Katie 2018-07-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "Opioid" publications displayed.

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Topic Spotlight

Read more on this topic and related topics

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Cyberseminars

The most recent "Opioid" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
6/2/2020 Moving into the Post-Opioid Chronic Pain Treatment Era: Opportunities and Challenges Becker, William  
3/18/2020 Causes and Consequences of Inappropriate MRI of the Lumbar Spine Nevedal, Andrea  
Jacobs, Josephine  
Barnett, Paul  
3/3/2020 Integrated Treatment for Veterans with Chronic Pain and Hazardous Opioid Use Vowles, Kevin  
2/6/2020 Implementation and Evaluation of Medications for Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder Midboe, Amanda  
11/7/2019 Advancing Pharmacological Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder (ADAPT-OUD) Trial: Early Barriers and Facilitators and Progress toward Goals Hagedorn, Hildi  

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Videos


There are currently no videos for this topic.

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Podcasts


There are currently no podcasts for this topic.

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Other Resources

  • Visit the VA’s Office of Mental Health and learn more about substance use disorders, screening tools, programs, and services.
  • Learn more about the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative’s IMPROVE project, which focuses on integrating pain support in primary care in order to decrease the number of Veterans using opioid therapy for pain management.
  • Visit the VA Office of Research & Development’s Substance Use Disorders (SUD) topic page for information about milestones in SUD research across all VA research services.

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