Health Services Research & Development

Veterans Crisis Line Badge
Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

Research Topics


Opioids

Opioids are a broad group of pain-relieving drugs that can be both naturally derived (morphine, heroin, and others) or synthesized in a laboratory (fentanyl and others). While generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by a doctor, opioids can be misused and may lead to addiction, overdose incidents, and death. HSR&D investigators study several aspects of opioid use, such as how best to manage opioid prescribing (including policy impacts and safety), and how to help Veterans' manage their chronic pain, both with and without medication.

Search results were generated based on the search term "Opioid". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources



Citations

(5 of more than 595 OPIOID focused publications)


» View more Citations

↑   Top


Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 44 OPIOID focused publication briefs)

  • Receipt of Opioid Prescriptions from Both VA and Medicare Associated with Greater Likelihood of Overdose Death
    This study assessed the association between dual receipt of opioid prescriptions from VA and Medicare Part D and prescription opioid overdose death among Veterans enrolled in both VA and Part D. Findings showed that receipt of opioid prescriptions from both VA and Part D was associated with 2-3 times greater odds of overdose death than among Veterans receiving opioids from VA or Part D only. Dual ...
    Date: March 12, 2019
  • Links Between Opioid Use and Suicide
    This review describes what is known about the links between suicide and overdoses, with a focus on pathways through opioid use, issues of intent, risk factors, prevention strategies, and unresolved issues. Many factors promote the initiation and persistence of opioid use, but several specific pathways toward vulnerability to overdose and suicide are highlighted. Interventions that address shared c...
    Date: January 3, 2019
  • Link between Length of Prescription for Initial Exposure to Opioids and Long-Term Use
    This study examined the association between initial opioid exposure and subsequent long-term use in two national VA cohorts from 2011 and 2016. Findings showed a strong relationship between initial opioid exposure and the future likelihood for long-term use. Cumulative days’ supply of prescription opioids emerged as the strongest predictor of long-term opioid use, which occurred in only 2% of Vete...
    Date: November 5, 2018
  • Pharmacotherapy for Opioid Use Disorder Highly Variable across VA Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Programs
    Pharmacotherapy, including methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone, is both efficacious and cost-effective for treating opioid use disorder (OUD), however it is infrequently prescribed in VA. Investigators in this study sought to describe barriers to and facilitators of pharmacotherapy provided to a national cohort of VA patients with OUD in VA residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment p...
    Date: November 1, 2018
  • Veterans Receiving Prescriptions Through Both VA and Medicare Are More Likely to Be Taking Opioids and Benzodiazepines
    This study sought to assess the association between receiving medications from both VA and Medicare Part D (dual use) and the receipt of overlapping opioid and benzodiazepine prescriptions. Findings showed that receiving prescription medications from both VA and Medicare Part D was associated with a 27% increased risk of overlapping opioids and benzodiazepines – and more than twice the risk of ove...
    Date: October 9, 2018

» View more Publication Briefs

↑   Top


Studies

( 5 of more than 43 OPIOID focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
PPO 18-213 Adaptation of the Motivational Interviewing Skills Code to Identify Clinician and Client Language Predicting Reduced Opioid Use Risk and Increased Use of Alternative Pain Care Strategies in Veterans Borsari, Brian 2019-03-01
IIR 16-078 Effectiveness of a Rescue Medication in Preventing Opioid Overdose in Veterans Oliva, Elizabeth 2018-12-01
IIR 17-268 Chronic Pain Management and Patient-Centered Outcomes Following Discontinuation of Long-Term Opioid Therapy Lovejoy, Travis 2018-11-01
IIR 17-039 Improving Veteran Health by Increasing Dental Stewardship of Antibiotics and Opioids Suda, Katie 2018-07-01
IIR 16-262 Association of Complementary and Integrative Health (CHI) Interventions with Opioid Use and Related Risks Among Veterans With Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) and PTSD Goulet, Joseph 2018-05-01

» View more Studies

↑   Top

HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "Opioid" publications displayed.

» View more Publications

↑   Top


Topic Spotlight

Read more on this topic and related topics

↑   Top


Cyberseminars

The most recent "Opioid" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
5/30/2019 Effectiveness of Opioids for Chronic Pain—the SPACE Trial in Context Krebs, Erin  
5/7/2019 The Connections between Opioid Use, Overdose, and Suicide Ilgen, Mark  
Bohnert, Amy  
4/10/2019 Opioid Use Disorder and Employment Disparities in Justice-Involved Veterans Henne, Meredith  
LePage, James  
Finlay, Andrea  
2/12/2019 Quality of Care and Patient Outcomes Following Discontinuation of Long-Term Opioid Therapy in High-Risk Patients Lovejoy, Travis  
12/4/2018 Analgesic Impact on Physical Function in Older Veterans with Arthritis Hwang, Ula  

» View more Cyberseminars

↑   Top

Videos


There are currently no videos for this topic.

↑   Top

Podcasts


There are currently no podcasts for this topic.

↑   Top

Other Resources

  • Visit the VA’s Office of Mental Health and learn more about substance use disorders, screening tools, programs, and services.
  • Learn more about the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative’s IMPROVE project, which focuses on integrating pain support in primary care in order to decrease the number of Veterans using opioid therapy for pain management.
  • Visit the VA Office of Research & Development’s Substance Use Disorders (SUD) topic page for information about milestones in SUD research across all VA research services.

↑   Top