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Research Topics


Opioid Management

Opioids are a class of medication that are typically used to reduce and manage both acute- and long-term pain. Opioids can be both naturally occurring and synthetically manufactured, and encompass both legally and illegally made and used products. While they can be effective in reducing short-term acute pain, long-term use carries risks, including addiction and accidental overdose. In order to help effectively manage opioid prescribing and use, HSR&D researchers conduct investigations into various aspects of opioid management, including prescription medication reviews, adjunct pain management therapy, and opioid use disorder treatment.

Each "widget" below is populated by a dynamic search of the HSR&D website and its underlying databases. Search results are generated based on the search term "Opioid". Results are updated regularly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources



Citations

(5 of more than 921 OPIOID focused publications)



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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 67 OPIOID focused publication briefs)


  • Death from Overdose Involving Stimulants Increasing in Veterans
    This study sought to describe trends in stimulant-alone and stimulant and other substance use overdose deaths among Veterans and to measure patient and treatment use characteristics across stimulant-related overdose death profiles. Findings showed that the rate of deaths among Veterans from stimulant-related overdose, alone and in combination with other substances, tripled from 2012 to 2018 with t...
    Date: October 14, 2021
  • Veterans Do Not Always Receive Appropriate Continuation of OUD Medications During Surgical Hospitalizations
    This study sought to describe practice patterns of perioperative buprenorphine use within VA – and patient outcomes up to 12 months following surgery. Findings showed that the majority of VA surgical patients in this study who received buprenorphine for opioid use disorder experienced a dose hold at some point during the perioperative period despite a trend in clinical guidelines recommending bupr...
    Date: September 20, 2021
  • Veterans Receiving Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder Have Lower Risk of Suicide/Overdose Mortality
    This study sought to determine the association between buprenorphine pharmacotherapy and suicide, overdose, and all-cause mortality among Veterans initiating buprenorphine within VA. Findings showed that Veterans who were not receiving buprenorphine pharmacotherapy on any given day had more than a four-fold increase in suicide/overdose death compared to those who received buprenorphine, even when ...
    Date: May 19, 2021
  • Medication Therapy for Opioid Use Disorder Saves Lives and Can Save Money for Society
    Investigators in this study developed a mathematical model to assess the cost-effectiveness of opioid use disorder treatments and the association of these treatments with outcomes in the US. Two analyses were done, the first considering only health sector costs, and the second also considering criminal justice costs. Findings showed that medication-assisted treatment (MAT), with or without overdos...
    Date: March 31, 2021
  • Research Suggests Battlefield Acupuncture is Immediate but Short-Term Pain Management Tool
    This commentary summarizes work conducted to examine battlefield acupuncture’s (BFA’s) implementation and effectiveness within the VA healthcare system. Findings show that there is some evidence that BFA is a potentially effective, immediate, but short-term pain management tool that can be used in adjunct with other pain therapies. BFA produced a minimal clinically important improvement in pain fo...
    Date: March 26, 2021

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Studies

( 5 of more than 54 OPIOID focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 20-115 Preventing Chronic Post-Surgical Pain and Prolonged Opioid Use: The Perioperative Pain Self-Management Program Hadlandsmyth, Katherine 2021-08-01
IIR 19-431 Optimizing Pain Management in End-Stage Renal Disease Among Veterans (OPERA-Vets):Balancing Benefits and Harms of Opioids Wachterman, Melissa 2021-07-01
IIR 19-378 Assessing and Reducing Opioid Misuse Among Veterans in VA and Non-VA Systems: Coordination of Fragmented Care Zeng, Qing 2021-05-01
PPO 20-121 Identifying Risk Factors for New Persistent Opioid Use Among Veterans Following Treatment for Early Stage Cancer Schapira, Marilyn 2020-10-01
C19 20-397 Virtual Pain Care for High Risk Veterans on Opioids during COVID19 (and Beyond) Moore, Brent 2020-09-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "Opioid" publications displayed.


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Topic Spotlight

Read more on this topic and related topics


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Cyberseminars

The most recent "Opioid" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
11/2/2021 Impact of Whole Health on Pain, Quality of Life and Opioid Utilization Kligler, Benjamin  
6/1/2021 The Educational Mission in Interprofessional Pain Care Edens, Ellen  
Sellinger, John  
Edmond, Sara  
3/10/2021 Reducing Racial and Ethnic Algorithmic Bias and Ensuring that VA Algorithms are Fair Parikh, Ravi  
Navathe, Amol  
Tamang, Suzanne  
Korshak, Lauren  
3/2/2021 Association Between Nonpharmacological Pain Treatment Utilization and Opioid Tapering Among Veterans Receiving Long-Term Opioid Therapy Black, Anne  
Zeliadt, Steven  
2/2/2021 Pain/Opioid CORE: Works in Progress Krebs, Erin  
Heapy, Alicia  
Becker, William  

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Videos


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Podcasts


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Other Resources

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