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Research Topics


Opioid Management

Opioids are a class of medication that are typically used to reduce and manage both acute- and long-term pain. Opioids can be both naturally occurring and synthetically manufactured, and encompass both legally and illegally made and used products. While they can be effective in reducing short-term acute pain, long-term use carries risks, including addiction and accidental overdose. In order to help effectively manage opioid prescribing and use, HSR&D researchers conduct investigations into various aspects of opioid management, including prescription medication reviews, adjunct pain management therapy, and opioid use disorder treatment.

Each "widget" below is populated by a dynamic search of the HSR&D website and its underlying databases. Search results are generated based on the search term "Opioid". Results are updated regularly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources



Citations

(5 of more than 863 OPIOID focused publications)



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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 65 OPIOID focused publication briefs)


  • Veterans Receiving Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder Have Lower Risk of Suicide/Overdose Mortality
    This study sought to determine the association between buprenorphine pharmacotherapy and suicide, overdose, and all-cause mortality among Veterans initiating buprenorphine within VA. Findings showed that Veterans who were not receiving buprenorphine pharmacotherapy on any given day had more than a four-fold increase in suicide/overdose death compared to those who received buprenorphine, even when ...
    Date: May 19, 2021
  • Medication Therapy for Opioid Use Disorder Saves Lives and Can Save Money for Society
    Investigators in this study developed a mathematical model to assess the cost-effectiveness of opioid use disorder treatments and the association of these treatments with outcomes in the US. Two analyses were done, the first considering only health sector costs, and the second also considering criminal justice costs. Findings showed that medication-assisted treatment (MAT), with or without overdos...
    Date: March 31, 2021
  • Research Suggests Battlefield Acupuncture is Immediate but Short-Term Pain Management Tool
    This commentary summarizes work conducted to examine battlefield acupuncture’s (BFA’s) implementation and effectiveness within the VA healthcare system. Findings show that there is some evidence that BFA is a potentially effective, immediate, but short-term pain management tool that can be used in adjunct with other pain therapies. BFA produced a minimal clinically important improvement in pain fo...
    Date: March 26, 2021
  • JGIM Supplement Features VA Research on Improving Opioid Safety among Veterans with Chronic Pain and Addiction
    In the fall of 2019, HSR&D convened a state-of-the-art (SOTA) conference – “Effective Management of Pain and Addiction: Strategies to Improve Opioid Safety” – to develop research priorities for advancing the science and clinical practice of opioid safety, including both the use of opioid analgesics and managing opioid use disorder (OUD). A group of researchers and VA clinical stakeholders defined ...
    Date: December 1, 2020
  • Cannabinoid Use Increased while Opioid Use Decreased among VA Patients Undergoing Total Joint Replacement
    This single-institution (VA Palo Alto) study sought to determine whether preoperative cannabinoid use and opioid use increased or decreased over a 6-year interval among total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) patients – and whether complications were associated with cannabinoid use. Findings showed that use of cannabinoids in Veterans undergoing total joint arthroplasty was far greater than ...
    Date: October 1, 2020

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Studies

( 5 of more than 54 OPIOID focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 20-115 Preventing Chronic Post-Surgical Pain and Prolonged Opioid Use: The Perioperative Pain Self-Management Program Hadlandsmyth, Katherine 2021-08-01
IIR 19-431 Optimizing Pain Management in End-Stage Renal Disease Among Veterans (OPERA-Vets):Balancing Benefits and Harms of Opioids Wachterman, Melissa 2021-07-01
IIR 19-378 Assessing and Reducing Opioid Misuse Among Veterans in VA and Non-VA Systems: Coordination of Fragmented Care Zeng, Qing 2021-05-01
PPO 20-121 Identifying Risk Factors for New Persistent Opioid Use Among Veterans Following Treatment for Early Stage Cancer Schapira, Marilyn 2020-10-01
C19 20-397 Virtual Pain Care for High Risk Veterans on Opioids during COVID19 (and Beyond) Moore, Brent 2020-09-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "Opioid" publications displayed.


  • State Prescription Monitoring Program to Evaluate Concurrent VA and Non-VA Opioid Prescriptions || In Progress

    In 2013, VA launched the Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI), the first of several...system-wide initiatives to address opioid overuse. As a result, by mid-2016 the...September 2018 In This Issue: Improving Opioid Safety » Table of Contents State Prescription...Evaluate Concurrent VA and Non-VA Opioid Prescriptions Feature Article Controlled

  • Effects of VA Opioid Policy on Prescribing and Patient Outcomes || In Progress

    Effects of VA Opioid Policy on Prescribing and Patient Outcomes...Prescription Opioid Use among Veterans » Table of Contents Effects of VHA Opioid Policy...Patient-Centered Outcomes Ongoing Study Opioid analgesics are the most commonly prescribed

  • Improving Opioid Safety || In Progress

    In 2013, VA launched the Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI), the first of several...system-wide initiatives to address opioid overuse. As a result, by mid-2016 the...This Issue: Improving Opioid Safety Overview: National Opioid Crisis Ongoing HSR&D...HSR&D Studies Effects of VHA Opioid Policy on Prescribing and Patient Outcomes

  • Improving Opioid Safety || In Progress

    In 2013, VA launched the Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI), the first of several...system-wide initiatives to address opioid overuse. As a result, by mid-2016 the...This Issue: Improving Opioid Safety Overview: National Opioid Crisis Ongoing HSR&D...HSR&D Studies Effects of VHA Opioid Policy on Prescribing and Patient Outcomes

  • Overview: National Opioid Crisis || In Progress

    In 2013, VA launched the Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI), the first of several...system-wide initiatives to address opioid overuse. As a result, by mid-2016 the...Issue: Improving Opioid Safety » Table of Contents National Opioid Crisis Overview...Overview The misuse of and addiction to opioids (i.e., prescription pain relievers

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Topic Spotlight

Read more on this topic and related topics


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Cyberseminars

The most recent "Opioid" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
6/1/2021 The Educational Mission in Interprofessional Pain Care Edens, Ellen  
Sellinger, John  
Edmond, Sara  
3/10/2021 Reducing Racial and Ethnic Algorithmic Bias and Ensuring that VA Algorithms are Fair Parikh, Ravi  
Navathe, Amol  
Tamang, Suzanne  
Korshak, Lauren  
3/2/2021 Association Between Nonpharmacological Pain Treatment Utilization and Opioid Tapering Among Veterans Receiving Long-Term Opioid Therapy Black, Anne  
Zeliadt, Steven  
2/2/2021 Pain/Opioid CORE: Works in Progress Heapy, Alicia  
Becker, William  
Krebs, Erin  
12/8/2020 Opioids, Addiction, and Pain: State of the Art in VA Humphreys, Keith  
Chang, Evelyn  
Becker, William  
Veazie, Stephanie  
Mackey, Kate  

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Videos


There are currently no videos for this topic.

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Podcasts


There are currently no podcasts for this topic.

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Other Resources

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