Suicide and suicidal ideation can have lasting, harmful effects that impact families and communities. While its causes are complex and determined by multiple factors, the goal of suicide prevention research is to understand and reduce factors that increase risk (i.e. risk factors) and increase factors that promote resilience (i.e. protective factors). VA conducts an array of research into suicide prevention that looks at everything from predictive modeling to substance use disorders to the policy impacts of Veterans’ choice of services.
Search results were generated based on the search term "Suicide". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 302 SUICIDE focused publications)
- Lapidos A, Abraham KM, Jagusch J, Garlick J, Walters H, Kim HM, Vega E, Damschroder L, Forman J, Ahmedani B, King CA, Pfeiffer PN. Peer mentorship to reduce suicide attempts among high-risk adults (PREVAIL): Rationale and design of a randomized controlled effectiveness-implementation trial. Contemporary clinical trials. 2019 Sep 13; 87:105850.
- Ronzitti S, Loree AM, Potenza MN, Decker SE, Wilson SM, Abel EA, Haskell SG, Brandt CA, Goulet JL. Gender Differences in Suicide and Self-Directed Violence Risk Among Veterans With Post-traumatic Stress and Substance Use Disorders. Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health. 2019 Jun 25; 29 Suppl 1:S94-S102.
- Padmanathan P, Biddle L, Hall K, Scowcroft E, Nielsen E, Knipe D. Language use and suicide: An online cross-sectional survey. PLoS ONE. 2019 Jun 13; 14(6):e0217473.
- Clark KA, Blosnich JR, Haas AP, Cochran SD. Estimate of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth Suicide Is Inflated. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine. 2019 Jun 1; 64(6):810.
- Kopacz MS, Nieuwsma JA, Wortmann JH, Reyes ILB, Meador KG. Examining faith-based collaboration in U.S. States' suicide prevention guidelines. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in The Community. 2019 May 29; 1-13.
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(5 of more than 51 SUICIDE focused publication briefs)
- Healthcare Processes Linked to Suicide Risk Following Discharge from VA Residential Substance Abuse
This study examined 39 root-cause analysis (RCA) reports of suicide in Veterans occurring within three months of discharge from a residential drug treatment program that were reported to any one of 140 VA medical centers between 2001 and 2017. RCA is a well-known and robust approach to elucidating the contribution of systems and organizational processes to adverse events such as suicide after hosp...
Date: June 28, 2019
- Post 9/11 Veterans Less Likely to Delay Mental Health Treatment
This study compared delay of treatment for PTSD, major depressive disorder (MDD), and/or alcohol-use disorder (AUD) among post-9/11 Veterans relative to pre-9/11 Veterans and civilians. Findings showed that post-9/11 Veterans were less likely than both pre-9/11 Veterans and civilians to delay mental health treatment for PTSD and depression. Median time to PTSD treatment was 2.5 years for post-9/11...
Date: March 7, 2019
- Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Reduces Suicidal Ideation among Veterans with Chronic Illness
Brief cognitive behavioral therapy (bCBT) intervention delivered by VA mental health providers in primary care settings is effective for depression, anxiety, and improves physical health quality of life. Investigators in the current study determined the effect of bCBT on suicidal ideation among Veterans with cardiopulmonary chronic illness receiving mental health treatment in a VA primary care set...
Date: February 8, 2019
- Links Between Opioid Use and Suicide
This review describes what is known about the links between suicide and overdoses, with a focus on pathways through opioid use, issues of intent, risk factors, prevention strategies, and unresolved issues. Many factors promote the initiation and persistence of opioid use, but several specific pathways toward vulnerability to overdose and suicide are highlighted. Interventions that address shared c...
Date: January 3, 2019
- Unique Link between Homelessness and Suicide
Evidence suggests suicide rates are much higher among those who are homeless or have been homeless. This study sought to replicate these previous findings with a larger, national population cohort. After controlling for common risk factors, results suggest a unique link between homelessness and suicide. Veterans with a history of homelessness were 8.8 times more likely to have attempted suicide th...
Date: January 2, 2019
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( 5 of more than 36 SUICIDE focused projects
|| Mobile App for the Prevention of Suicide
||Primack , Jennifer
|| Development and Evaluation of a Veteran-Informed Means Restriction Intervention for Suicide Prevention
||Constans , Joseph
|| Enhancing Social Connectedness Among Veterans at High Risk for Suicide through Community Engagement
|| Understanding Suicide Risks among LGBT Veterans in VA Care
|| Emergency Departments Treating Veteran for Suicide (ED-VeTS)
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