Suicide and suicidal ideation can have lasting, harmful effects that impact families and communities. While its causes are complex and determined by multiple factors, the goal of suicide prevention research is to understand and reduce factors that increase risk (i.e. risk factors) and increase factors that promote resilience (i.e. protective factors). VA conducts an array of research into suicide prevention that looks at everything from predictive modeling to substance use disorders to the policy impacts of Veterans’ choice of services.
Each "widget" below is populated by a dynamic search of the HSR&D website and its underlying databases. Search results are generated based on the search term "Suicide". Results are updated regularly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 415 SUICIDE focused publications)
- Reger MA, Lauver MG, Manchester C, Abraham TH, Landes SJ, Garrido MM, Griffin C, Woods JA, Strombotne KL, Hughes G. Development of the Veterans Crisis Line Caring Letters Suicide Prevention Intervention. Health services research. 2022 Apr 11; https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.13985.
- Reger MA, Jegley SM, Porter SA, Woods JA, Liu L, Markman JD, Landes SJ. Implementation strategy to increase clinicians' use of the caring letters suicide prevention intervention. Psychological Services. 2022 Mar 14; doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000637.
- Allison MK, Waliski A, Haynes TF, Marshall SA. Formative evaluation of Zero Suicide in the emergency department: Identifying strategies to overcome implementation barriers. Evaluation and program planning. 2022 Feb 12; 92:102050.
- Robinson M, Holliday R, Monteith LL, Blosnich JR, Elbogen EB, Gelberg L, Hooshyar D, Liu S, McInnes DK, Montgomery AE, Tsai J, Grassmeyer R, Brenner LA. Establishing a Research Agenda for Suicide Prevention Among Veterans Experiencing Homelessness. Frontiers in psychology. 2022 Feb 7; 13:683147.
- Bagge CL, Littlefield AK, Wiegand TJ, Hawkins E, Trim RS, Schumacher JA, Simons K, Conner KR. A controlled examination of acute warning signs for suicide attempts among hospitalized patients. Psychological medicine. 2022 Jan 25; 1-9.
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(5 of more than 75 SUICIDE focused publication briefs)
- Predictive Tool Associated with 22% Lower Odds of All-Cause Mortality among High-Risk Veterans Taking Opioids
In 2018, VA mandated a case review intervention that targeted patients who had been prescribed opioid analgesics and who were at high risk of adverse outcomes. The Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM), a provider-facing dashboard that uses predictive analytics to stratify patients prescribed opioids based on their risk for overdose/suicide, was developed to identify these patient...
Date: May 2, 2022
- Palliative Care Consultation Associated with Lower Odds of Suicide among Veterans at High Risk of One-Year Mortality
This study examined the association between the number of palliative care consultations (PCCs) and documented suicide in a cohort of Veterans at high risk of short-term mortality. Findings showed that receipt of PCC within 90 days of death was associated with a 71-78% decrease in the odds of suicide compared to other causes among Veterans at high risk of one-year mortality. The largest reduction i...
Date: April 27, 2022
- Receipt of Video Tablets among Rural Veterans Associated with Increased Use of Mental Health Care and Less Suicidal Behavior
This study sought to evaluate the association between the escalated distribution of VA’s video-enabled tablets during the COVID-19 pandemic and rural Veterans’ mental health service use and suicide-related outcomes. Findings showed that receipt of a video tablet was associated with the increased use of mental healthcare via video and increased psychotherapy visits across all modalities. Tablets al...
Date: April 6, 2022
- Rapid Response to Executive Order by HSR&D Investigators Leads to Widespread Adoption of Suicide Prevention Strategies
As part of the response to Presidential Executive Order #13861, this study analyzed a large body of text responses collected as a federal Request for Information (RFI) to uncover gaps in policy and practice across the U.S. in order to more effectively address and prevent suicide among Veterans. Findings identified unique barriers to care, in addition to ways in which data and research could be bet...
Date: March 3, 2022
- Excess Mortality Rates among Post-9/11 Veterans Compared with General US Population, Particularly among Veterans with TBI
This study sought to assess the total all-cause and cause-specific mortality burden – and to estimate the total number of excess deaths among post-9/11 Veterans with and without exposure to traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared with the total US population. Findings showed that post-9/11 Veterans experienced excess all-cause and cause-specific mortality compared with the total US population, which...
Date: February 11, 2022
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( 5 of more than 49 SUICIDE focused projects
|| A Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Multisite Trial of a Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Group for Veterans at High-Risk for Suicide Attempt
|| Using Big Data and Machine Learning to Understand the Association Between Altitude and Suicide among Veterans
|| Development and Testing of a Veteran-Centered Lethal Means Safety Suicide Prevention Intervention
|| Perspectives of Female Veterans, VHA Providers, and Family Members on Preventing Firearm-Inflicted Suicides among Female Veterans
|| Increasing Help-Seeking Behavior Among Transitioning Veterans at Risk for Suicide with Online Gatekeeper Training: A Pilot Study of PsychArmor S.A.V.E.
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