Suicide and suicidal ideation can have lasting, harmful effects that impact families and communities. While its causes are complex and determined by multiple factors, the goal of suicide prevention research is to understand and reduce factors that increase risk (i.e. risk factors) and increase factors that promote resilience (i.e. protective factors). VA conducts an array of research into suicide prevention that looks at everything from predictive modeling to substance use disorders to the policy impacts of Veterans’ choice of services.
Search results were generated based on the search term "Suicide". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 323 SUICIDE focused publications)
- Richards JE, Shortreed SM, Simon GE, Penfold RB, Glass JE, Ziebell R, Williams EC. Short-term risk of suicide attempt associated with patterns of patient-reported alcohol use determined by routine AUDIT-C among adults receiving mental healthcare. General hospital psychiatry. 2019 Dec 18; 62:79-86.
- Blosnich JR, Montgomery AE, Dichter ME, Gordon AJ, Kavalieratos D, Taylor L, Ketterer B, Bossarte RM. Social Determinants and Military Veterans' Suicide Ideation and Attempt: a Cross-sectional Analysis of Electronic Health Record Data. Journal of general internal medicine. 2019 Nov 19.
- Boggs JM, Lindrooth RC, Battaglia C, Beck A, Ritzwoller DP, Ahmedani BK, Rossom RC, Lynch FL, Lu CY, Waitzfelder BE, Owen-Smith AA, Simon GE, Anderson HD. Association between suicide death and concordance with benzodiazepine treatment guidelines for anxiety and sleep disorders. General hospital psychiatry. 2019 Nov 17; 62:21-27.
- Dennison LM, Hoffmire CA, Yano EM. The Gender Gap in Suicide Rates is Narrowing in the United States. AcademyHealth Blog Post [Internet]. 2019 Nov 11. Available from: https://www.academyhealth.org/blog/2019-11/gender-gap-suicide-rates-narrowing-united-states.
- Luxton DD, Smolenski DJ, Reger MA, Relova RMV, Skopp NA. Caring E-mails for Military and Veteran Suicide Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior. 2019 Sep 27.
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(5 of more than 53 SUICIDE focused publication briefs)
- Past Year Opioid Misuse Associated with Past-Year Suicide Attempt among High-Risk Veterans
The main objective of this study was to test the relationship between past-year suicide attempt and past-year opioid misuse among Veterans at high risk of suicide who also reported using at least one illicit substance or alcohol in the past year. Findings showed that past-year opioid misuse was associated with past-year, but not lifetime, suicide attempt in high suicide-risk Veterans: 82% of opioi...
Date: December 1, 2019
- Social Stressors Strongly Associated with Suicide Ideation and Attempt among Veterans
This study examined documented social stressors in VA’s electronic health record (EHR) and how these stressors were associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Seven types of social stressors were included: 1) experiences of violence, 2) housing instability, 3) employment or financial problems, 4) legal problems, 5) social or familial problems, 6) lack of access to care or transportatio...
Date: November 19, 2019
- Healthcare Processes Linked to Suicide Risk Following Discharge from VA Residential Substance Abuse
This study examined 39 root-cause analysis (RCA) reports of suicide in Veterans occurring within three months of discharge from a residential drug treatment program that were reported to any one of 140 VA medical centers between 2001 and 2017. RCA is a well-known and robust approach to elucidating the contribution of systems and organizational processes to adverse events such as suicide after hosp...
Date: June 28, 2019
- Post 9/11 Veterans Less Likely to Delay Mental Health Treatment
This study compared delay of treatment for PTSD, major depressive disorder (MDD), and/or alcohol-use disorder (AUD) among post-9/11 Veterans relative to pre-9/11 Veterans and civilians. Findings showed that post-9/11 Veterans were less likely than both pre-9/11 Veterans and civilians to delay mental health treatment for PTSD and depression. Median time to PTSD treatment was 2.5 years for post-9/11...
Date: March 7, 2019
- Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Reduces Suicidal Ideation among Veterans with Chronic Illness
Brief cognitive behavioral therapy (bCBT) intervention delivered by VA mental health providers in primary care settings is effective for depression, anxiety, and improves physical health quality of life. Investigators in the current study determined the effect of bCBT on suicidal ideation among Veterans with cardiopulmonary chronic illness receiving mental health treatment in a VA primary care set...
Date: February 8, 2019
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( 5 of more than 36 SUICIDE focused projects
|| Mobile App for the Prevention of Suicide
||Primack , Jennifer
|| Development and Evaluation of a Veteran-Informed Means Restriction Intervention for Suicide Prevention
||Constans , Joseph
|| Enhancing Social Connectedness Among Veterans at High Risk for Suicide through Community Engagement
|| Understanding Suicide Risks among LGBT Veterans in VA Care
|| Emergency Departments Treating Veteran for Suicide (ED-VeTS)
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