Health Services Research & Development

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Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

ESP Reports  ESP Topic Nomination  ESP Reports in Progress

Example cover of ESP report

The Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) was established to provide timely and accurate syntheses of targeted health care topics of particular importance to VA managers and policy makers and to disseminate these reports broadly throughout VA. Available reports are listed and linked below.

Many of our reports are embargoed pending journal publication, but are available for internal use by the Department of Veterans Affairs in the interim. For VA employees, to access the intranet only reports listed here, copy and paste into your browser. Once published, a final report will be available on the ESP website. If you would like to be notified when a particular report is released to the public, please contact

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  • Interventions to Support Caregivers or Families of Patients with TBI, PTSD, or Polytrauma [intranet only]
  • Comparative Effectiveness of Multifocal, Accommodative, and Monofocal Intraocular Lenses for Cataract Surgery and Lens Replacement [intranet only]
  • Telehealth Services Designed for Women: An Evidence Map [intranet only]
  • Challenges and Opportunities for Pay-for-Performance as Veteran Care Moves into the Community [intranet only]
  • Effectiveness of Interventions to Improve Emergency Department Efficiency: An Evidence Map [intranet only]
  • Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Programs for Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery [intranet only]
  • Rapid Evidence Review: Measures for Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain [intranet only]