Health Services Research & Development

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Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

Example cover of ESP report

The Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) was established to provide timely and accurate syntheses of targeted health care topics of particular importance to VA managers and policy makers and to disseminate these reports broadly throughout VA. Available reports are listed and linked below.

Many of our reports are embargoed pending journal publication, but are available for internal use by the Department of Veterans Affairs in the interim. For VA employees, to access the intranet only reports listed here, copy and paste into your browser. Once published, a final report will be available on the ESP website. If you would like to be notified when a particular report is released to the public, please contact

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  • The Effectiveness of Health Coaching [intranet only]
  • Prevalence of and Interventions to Reduce Health Disparities in Vulnerable Veteran Populations: A Map of the Evidence [intranet only]
  • The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation [intranet only]
  • Comparative Clinical and Economic Effectiveness of Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Agents [intranet only]
  • Benefits and Harms of Cannabis in Chronic Pain or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review [intranet only]
  • Management of Antiplatelet Therapy among Patients on Antiplatelet Therapy for Coronary or Cerebrovascular Disease [intranet only]
  • An Evidence Map of the Women Veterans' Health Research Literature (2008 - 2015) [intranet only]
  • Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Menopause-associated Vasomotor Symptoms [intranet only]

Click for list of published reports Click for topic nomination form Click for list of reports in progress

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