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Health Services Research & Development

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Research Topics


Cancer Care and Prevention

Cancer occurs when some of the body’s cells divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Malfunctioning genes trigger the formation of cancer cells, and those malfunctions may be inherited, or may arise as a result of damage to DNA caused by certain environmental exposures—including chemicals or ultraviolet radiation. Cancer screenings are a key preventive care measure, and can help detect cancer in its early stages—which can contribute to early treatment, increased survival rates, and better health outcomes.

VA conducts cancer research to help better understand how Veterans’ military experience may impact the development of certain cancers; how lifestyle choices known to cause cancer—such as tobacco use—may disproportionately impact them; and to build the evidence-base for effective, appropriate cancer screening tests and tools.

Search results were generated based on the search term "Cancer". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources



Citations

(5 of more than 3124 CANCER focused publications)



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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 87 CANCER focused publication briefs)


  • Racial Differences in Conservative Management of Low- to Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer among Veterans
    This study sought to determine whether there are any racial differences in the receipt and duration of conservative management among Veterans treated in the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that African American Veterans were slightly less likely to receive conservative management than White Veterans with localized prostate cancer. Further, among patients receiving conservative management, Af...
    Date: September 28, 2020
  • VA Patients Have Fewer Potentially Avoidable Hospitalizations Post-Chemotherapy than Medicare Patients
    The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released a new quality measure to reduce potentially avoidable hospital admissions among patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy. In this study, investigators used this CMS measure to compare the quality of care received by chemotherapy patients treated through traditional Fee-for-Service Medicare versus VA, using a cohort of dually-enrolled ...
    Date: July 15, 2020
  • VA HIT-Related Outpatient Diagnostic Delays
    This study evaluated the role of health information technology (HIT) in the root cause analyses (RCAs) of outpatient diagnostic delays submitted to the VA National Center for Patient Safety, which leads patient safety initiatives and uses RCAs of adverse events and close calls to promote learning across the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that of the 214 RCAs included in this study, 88 invol...
    Date: June 25, 2020
  • Increases in Opioid Dosing of 20% or Greater were Not Associated with Improvements in Pain among Veterans
    This study examined the influence of opioid dose escalation on pain scores recorded in the VA electronic medical record among patients on chronic opioid therapy for chronic non-cancer pain. Findings showed that increases in opioid dose of 20% or greater were not associated with improvements in pain scores. In the follow-up period, dose escalators had higher average morphine milligram equivalents (...
    Date: January 7, 2020
  • Timing of Palliative Care for VA Patients with Advanced Lung Cancer is Associated with Survival
    Palliative care is often underutilized – or delivered too late to provide meaningful benefit. This study sought to determine whether the early use of palliative care – received soon after diagnosis – is associated with improved survival, if referral did not occur as part of the dying process. Findings showed that palliative care was associated with survival among patients with advanced lung cancer...
    Date: September 19, 2019

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Studies

( 5 of more than 87 CANCER focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
PPO 20-121 Identifying Risk Factors for New Persistent Opioid Use Among Veterans Following Treatment for Early Stage Cancer Schapira, Marilyn 2020-10-01
IIR 17-063 Defining Quality of Care in Lung Cancer Puri, Varun 2019-10-01
IIR 18-215 Implementing Risk-aligned Bladder Cancer Surveillance Schroeck, Florian 2019-09-01
IIR 17-028 Imaging Surveillance After Lung Cancer Treatment Backhus, Leah 2018-12-01
PPO 17-216 Establishing the Quality of Surgical Care among VA Patients with Kidney Cancer Abouassaly, Robert 2018-10-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "Cancer" publications displayed.


  • Improving Cancer Care || In Progress

    ...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...Improving Cancer Care Overview Individual Research Studies on Cancer Multilevel...Hepatocellular Cancer Helping Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain

  • Improving Cancer Care || In Progress

    ...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...Improving Cancer Care Overview Individual Research Studies on Cancer Multilevel...Hepatocellular Cancer Helping Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain

  • Overview: Improving Cancer Care || In Progress

    ...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Improving Cancer Care Overview Cancer is...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of

  • Incorporating Veterans' Preferences into Lung Cancer Screening Decisions || In Progress

    ...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...February 2018 In this Issue: Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Incorporating...Incorporating Veterans’ Preferences into Lung Cancer Screening Decisions Feature Article

  • Helping Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain Management || In Progress

    ...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...February 2018 In this Issue: Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Helping Optimize...Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain Management Feature Article

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Topic Spotlight

Read more on this topic and related topics


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Cyberseminars

The most recent "Cancer" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
4/27/2021 Robot-assisted Surgery for Esophageal Cancer: Analysis of Short- and Long-term Outcomes Mederos, Michael  
Girgis, Mark  
Wilson, Mark  
10/16/2019 A Primary Care PACT to Improve the Health Care of Veterans with Serious Mental Illness: SMI PACT Young, Alex  
7/9/2018 Phenotyping Physiologic Measurement of Lung Function in the VA EHR Using Automated Tools Akgün, Kathleen  
4/18/2018 Concurrent Care for Veterans with Terminal Cancer: The Impact of Avoiding the "Terrible Choice" Mor, Vincent  
11/14/2017 Cancer Survivorship & Cardiovascular Disease Bosworth, Hayden  
Zullig, Leah  

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Videos


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Podcasts


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Other Resources

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