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Health Services Research & Development

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Research Topics

Cancer Care and Prevention

Cancer occurs when some of the body’s cells divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Malfunctioning genes trigger the formation of cancer cells, and those malfunctions may be inherited, or may arise as a result of damage to DNA caused by certain environmental exposures—including chemicals or ultraviolet radiation. Cancer screenings are a key preventive care measure, and can help detect cancer in its early stages—which can contribute to early treatment, increased survival rates, and better health outcomes.

VA conducts cancer research to help better understand how Veterans’ military experience may impact the development of certain cancers; how lifestyle choices known to cause cancer—such as tobacco use—may disproportionately impact them; and to build the evidence-base for effective, appropriate cancer screening tests and tools.

Each "widget" below is populated by a dynamic search of the HSR&D website and its underlying databases. Search results are generated based on the search term "Cancer". Results are updated regularly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources


(5 of more than 3348 CANCER focused publications)

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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 90 CANCER focused publication briefs)

  • Excess Mortality Rates among Post-9/11 Veterans Compared with General US Population, Particularly among Veterans with TBI
    This study sought to assess the total all-cause and cause-specific mortality burden – and to estimate the total number of excess deaths among post-9/11 Veterans with and without exposure to traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared with the total US population. Findings showed that post-9/11 Veterans experienced excess all-cause and cause-specific mortality compared with the total US population, which...
    Date: February 11, 2022
  • Low-Value Prostate Cancer Screenings Common in VA; Low-Value Breast, Cervical, Colorectal Screening Rare
    This study sought to describe the prevalence and association of multilevel factors, including key patient-centered medical home (PCMH) domains, with four common low-value cancer screenings (breast, cervical, colorectal, and prostate) within the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that low-value prostate cancer screenings were common, although low-value breast, cervical, and colorectal testing wa...
    Date: October 22, 2021
  • Fewer than Two-Thirds of Veterans Receive Timely Lung Cancer Screening Follow-Up
    This retrospective cohort study sought to determine adherence to recommended next steps (i.e., annual screening or evaluation of screen-detected findings) in a national cohort of Veterans screened for lung cancer – and to identify factors associated with delayed or absent follow-up. Findings showed that less than two-thirds of Veterans received timely recommended follow-up after an initial lung ca...
    Date: July 8, 2021
  • Racial Differences in Conservative Management of Low- to Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer among Veterans
    This study sought to determine whether there are any racial differences in the receipt and duration of conservative management among Veterans treated in the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that African American Veterans were slightly less likely to receive conservative management than White Veterans with localized prostate cancer. Further, among patients receiving conservative management, Af...
    Date: September 28, 2020
  • VA Patients Have Fewer Potentially Avoidable Hospitalizations Post-Chemotherapy than Medicare Patients
    The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released a new quality measure to reduce potentially avoidable hospital admissions among patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy. In this study, investigators used this CMS measure to compare the quality of care received by chemotherapy patients treated through traditional Fee-for-Service Medicare versus VA, using a cohort of dually-enrolled ...
    Date: July 15, 2020

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( 5 of more than 88 CANCER focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 20-089 Patient Risk Perception and Decision-Making about Adherence to Repeat Cancer Screening Gillespie, Christopher 2021-10-01
PPO 20-121 Identifying Risk Factors for New Persistent Opioid Use Among Veterans Following Treatment for Early Stage Cancer Schapira, Marilyn 2020-10-01
IIR 17-063 Defining Quality of Care in Lung Cancer Puri, Varun 2019-10-01
IIR 18-215 Implementing Risk-aligned Bladder Cancer Surveillance Schroeck, Florian 2019-09-01
IIR 17-028 Imaging Surveillance After Lung Cancer Treatment Backhus, Leah 2018-12-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample "Cancer" publications displayed.

  • Reports in Progress

    Inhibitors for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Hypofractionation Radiation Therapy...for Definitive Treatment of Selected Cancers: A Comparative Effectiveness Review

  • Improving Cancer Care || In Progress

    ...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...Improving Cancer Care Overview Individual Research Studies on Cancer Multilevel...Hepatocellular Cancer Helping Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain

  • Evidence Brief: Proton Beam Therapy for Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer

    ...for Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer...for Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer H Evidence Synthesis Program Evidence...for Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer August 2022 Recommended citation: Hickam

  • Evidence Brief: Robot-assisted Surgery for Esophageal Cancer Data Companion

    Robot-assisted Surgery for Esophageal Cancer Data Companion...Robot-assisted Surgery for Esophageal Cancer Data Companion December 2021 Robot-assisted...Robot-assisted Surgery for Esophageal Cancer Data Companion Evidence Synthesis Program

  • Overview: Improving Cancer Care || In Progress

    ...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Improving Cancer Care Overview Cancer is...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of

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Topic Spotlight

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The most recent "Cancer" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
2/15/2022 Cervical Cancer Screening in VA: Unique individual and health system challenges Haskell, Sally  
Danan, Elisheva  
1/19/2022 Low-value Cancer Screenings in the Veterans Health Administration: Rates and Factors Associated with Overuse of Breast, Cervical, Colorectal, and Prostate Cancer Testing Schuttner, Linnaea  
4/27/2021 Robot-assisted Surgery for Esophageal Cancer: Analysis of Short- and Long-term Outcomes Mederos, Michael  
Girgis, Mark  
Wilson, Mark  
10/16/2019 A Primary Care PACT to Improve the Health Care of Veterans with Serious Mental Illness: SMI PACT Young, Alex  
7/9/2018 Phenotyping Physiologic Measurement of Lung Function in the VA EHR Using Automated Tools Akgün, Kathleen  

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Other Resources

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