Cancer is considered a collection of related diseases in which some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Malfunctioning genes trigger the formation of cancer cells, and those malfunctions may be inherited, or may arise as a result of damage to DNA caused by certain environmental exposures—including chemicals or ultraviolet radiation. VA conducts cancer research to help better understand how Veterans’ deployments may expose them to environmental cancer triggers, and or how lifestyle choices known to cause cancer—such as tobacco use—may disproportionately impact them.
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(5 of more than 3094 CANCER focused publications)
- Timsina LR, Zarzaur B, Haggstrom DA, Jenkins PC, Lustberg M, Obeng-Gyasi S. Dissemination of cancer survivorship care plans: who is being left out? Supportive Care in Cancer : Official Journal of The Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer. 2021 Jan 7.
- Gidwani R, Asch SM, Needleman J, Faricy-Anderson K, Boothroyd DB, Illarmo S, Lorenz KA, Patel MI, Hsin G, Ramchandran K, Wagner TH. End-of-Life Cost Trajectories in Cancer Patients Treated by Medicare versus the Veterans Health Administration. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2020 Dec 24.
- Wilt TJ, Ullman KE, Linskens EJ, MacDonald R, Brasure M, Ester E, Nelson VA, Saha J, Sultan S, Dahm P. Therapies for Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: A Comparative Effectiveness Review. The Journal of urology. 2020 Dec 22; 101097JU0000000000001578.
- Sohlberg EM, Thomas IC, Yang J, Kapphahn K, Velaer KN, Goldstein MK, Wagner TH, Chertow GM, Brooks JD, Patel CJ, Desai M, Leppert JT. Laboratory-wide association study of survival with prostate cancer. Cancer. 2020 Nov 25.
- Bedimo RJ, Park LS, Shebl F, Sigel K, Rentsch CT, Crothers K, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Goetz MB, Butt AA, Brown ST, Gibert C, Justice AC, Tate JP. Statin exposure and risk of cancer in people with and without HIV infection. AIDS (London, England). 2020 Nov 11.
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(5 of more than 87 CANCER focused publication briefs)
- Racial Differences in Conservative Management of Low- to Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer among Veterans
This study sought to determine whether there are any racial differences in the receipt and duration of conservative management among Veterans treated in the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that African American Veterans were slightly less likely to receive conservative management than White Veterans with localized prostate cancer. Further, among patients receiving conservative management, Af...
Date: September 28, 2020
- VA Patients Have Fewer Potentially Avoidable Hospitalizations Post-Chemotherapy than Medicare Patients
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released a new quality measure to reduce potentially avoidable hospital admissions among patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy. In this study, investigators used this CMS measure to compare the quality of care received by chemotherapy patients treated through traditional Fee-for-Service Medicare versus VA, using a cohort of dually-enrolled ...
Date: July 15, 2020
- VA HIT-Related Outpatient Diagnostic Delays
This study evaluated the role of health information technology (HIT) in the root cause analyses (RCAs) of outpatient diagnostic delays submitted to the VA National Center for Patient Safety, which leads patient safety initiatives and uses RCAs of adverse events and close calls to promote learning across the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that of the 214 RCAs included in this study, 88 invol...
Date: June 25, 2020
- Increases in Opioid Dosing of 20% or Greater were Not Associated with Improvements in Pain among Veterans
This study examined the influence of opioid dose escalation on pain scores recorded in the VA electronic medical record among patients on chronic opioid therapy for chronic non-cancer pain. Findings showed that increases in opioid dose of 20% or greater were not associated with improvements in pain scores. In the follow-up period, dose escalators had higher average morphine milligram equivalents (...
Date: January 7, 2020
- Timing of Palliative Care for VA Patients with Advanced Lung Cancer is Associated with Survival
Palliative care is often underutilized – or delivered too late to provide meaningful benefit. This study sought to determine whether the early use of palliative care – received soon after diagnosis – is associated with improved survival, if referral did not occur as part of the dying process. Findings showed that palliative care was associated with survival among patients with advanced lung cancer...
Date: September 19, 2019
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( 5 of more than 86 CANCER focused projects
|| Defining Quality of Care in Lung Cancer
|| Implementing Risk-aligned Bladder Cancer Surveillance
|| Imaging Surveillance After Lung Cancer Treatment
|| Establishing the Quality of Surgical Care among VA Patients with Kidney Cancer
|| Prevalence, Risk Factors and Outcomes of Post-colonoscopy Colorectal Cancer in Veterans
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