Cancer is considered a collection of related diseases in which some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Malfunctioning genes trigger the formation of cancer cells, and those malfunctions may be inherited, or may arise as a result of damage to DNA caused by certain environmental exposures—including chemicals or ultraviolet radiation. VA conducts cancer research to help better understand how Veterans’ deployments may expose them to environmental cancer triggers, and or how lifestyle choices known to cause cancer—such as tobacco use—may disproportionately impact them.
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(5 of more than 2769 CANCER focused publications)
- Hensley MK, Donnelly JP, Carlton EF, Prescott HC. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Cancer-Related Versus Non-Cancer-Related Sepsis Hospitalizations. Critical care medicine. 2019 Oct 1; 47(10):1310-1316.
- May FP, Yano EM, Provenzale D, Steers WN, Washington DL. Race, Poverty, and Mental Health Drive Colorectal Cancer Screening Disparities in the Veterans Health Administration. Medical care. 2019 Oct 1; 57(10):773-780.
- Moyo P, Gellad WF, Sabik LM, Cochran GT, Cole ES, Gordon AJ, Kelley DK, Donohue JM. Opioid Prescribing Safety Measures in Medicaid Enrollees With and Without Cancer. American journal of preventive medicine. 2019 Oct 1; 57(4):540-544.
- Triplette M, Donovan LM, Crothers K, Madtes DK, Au DH. Prediction of Lung Cancer Screening Eligibility Using Simplified Criteria. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2019 Oct 1; 16(10):1280-1285.
- Zimmaro LA, Carson JW, Olsen MK, Sanders LL, Keefe FJ, Porter LS. Greater Mindfulness Associated With Lower Pain, Fatigue, and Psychological Distress in Women with Metastatic Breast Cancer. Psycho-oncology. 2019 Sep 11.
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(5 of more than 82 CANCER focused publication briefs)
- Increased Hospice Care for Veterans Associated with Less Aggressive Medical Treatment and Lower Medical Costs
This study sought to determine if increased availability of hospice for Veterans is associated with reduced aggressive treatments and medical care costs at the end of life. Findings showed that Veterans with newly diagnosed end-stage lung cancer treated at VAMCs with the most expansion in hospice use had a significantly greater likelihood of receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy after hospic...
Date: March 28, 2019
- Men Using VA More Likely to Receive Appropriate Prostate Cancer Imaging Tests Compared to Those Using Medicare
This study sought to assess the association between the quality of healthcare within VA vs. Medicare, by comparing rates of guideline-concordant and guideline-discordant staging imaging among patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer utilizing VA services only, Medicare only, or a combination of the two. Findings showed that among men with low-risk prostate cancer, the VA-only and VA-Medicare ...
Date: August 17, 2018
- Increase in Conservative Management of Veterans with Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Suggests Reduction in Over-Treatment
Investigators assessed utilization of conservative management among Veterans by examining treatment patterns for Veterans diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer. Untreated Veterans were classified as receiving conservative management through either active surveillance (> 2 PSAs and 1 biopsy within 2 years after diagnosis) or watchful waiting. Findings showed that utilization of conservative manag...
Date: June 5, 2018
- VA’s Lower Intensity Treatment of Kidney Failure – Compared to Medicare – Does Not Result in Associated Increased Mortality
This study compared the initiation of dialysis and mortality among Veterans ages 67 and older with incident kidney failure who received pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD) care in fee-for-service Medicare vs. VA between January 2008 and December 2011. Findings showed that Veterans who received pre-ESRD nephrology care in Medicare received dialysis more often than Veterans who received VA care (82% ...
Date: April 9, 2018
- Evidence Review Identifies Modest Mortality Disparities among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in VA Healthcare
To support VA’s efforts to better understand the scale and determinants of disparities in racial and ethnic mortality – and to develop interventions to reduce disparities, investigators from the VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center in Portland, OR conducted an evidence review of mortality disparities specific to VA. Findings showed that although VA’s equal access healthcar...
Date: March 1, 2018
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( 5 of more than 85 CANCER focused projects
|| Defining Quality of Care in Lung Cancer
||Puri , Varun
|| Implementing Risk-aligned Bladder Cancer Surveillance
|| Imaging Surveillance After Lung Cancer Treatment
|| Establishing the Quality of Surgical Care among VA Patients with Kidney Cancer
|| Prevalence, Risk Factors and Outcomes of Post-colonoscopy Colorectal Cancer in Veterans
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