Cancer is considered a collection of related diseases in which some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Malfunctioning genes trigger the formation of cancer cells, and those malfunctions may be inherited, or may arise as a result of damage to DNA caused by certain environmental exposures—including chemicals or ultraviolet radiation. VA conducts cancer research to help better understand how Veterans’ deployments may expose them to environmental cancer triggers, and or how lifestyle choices known to cause cancer—such as tobacco use—may disproportionately impact them.
Search results were generated based on the search term "Cancer". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 2698 CANCER focused publications)
- Iaccarino JM, Steiling KA, Wiener RS. Lung Cancer Screening in a Safety-Net Hospital: Implications of Screening a Real-World Population versus the National Lung Screening Trial. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2018 Dec 1; 15(12):1493-1495.
- Thomas KS, Boyd E, Mariotto AB, Penn DC, Barrett MJ, Warren JL. New Opportunities for Cancer Health Services Research: Linking the SEER-Medicare Data to the Nursing Home Minimum Data Set. Medical care. 2018 Dec 1; 56(12):e90-e96.
- Haverhals LM, Manheim CE, Mor V, Ersek M, Kinosian B, Lorenz KA, Faricy-Anderson KE, Gidwani-Marszowski RA, Levy C. The experience of providing hospice care concurrent with cancer treatment in the VA. Supportive Care in Cancer : Official Journal of The Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer. 2018 Nov 22.
- Chioreso C, Del Vecchio N, Schweizer ML, Schlichting J, Gribovskaja-Rupp I, Charlton ME. Association Between Hospital and Surgeon Volume and Rectal Cancer Surgery Outcomes in Patients With Rectal Cancer Treated Since 2000: Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis. Diseases of The Colon and Rectum. 2018 Nov 1; 61(11):1320-1332.
- Nguyen MM, Martinez JA, Hsu CH, Sokoloff M, Krouse RS, Gibson BA, Nagle RB, Parnes HL, Cordova C, Chow HS. Bioactivity and prostate tissue distribution of metformin in a preprostatectomy prostate cancer cohort. European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP). 2018 Nov 1; 27(6):557-562.
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(5 of more than 81 CANCER focused publication briefs)
- Men Using VA More Likely to Receive Appropriate Prostate Cancer Imaging Tests Compared to Those Using Medicare
This study sought to assess the association between the quality of healthcare within VA vs. Medicare, by comparing rates of guideline-concordant and guideline-discordant staging imaging among patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer utilizing VA services only, Medicare only, or a combination of the two. Findings showed that among men with low-risk prostate cancer, the VA-only and VA-Medicare ...
Date: August 17, 2018
- Increase in Conservative Management of Veterans with Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Suggests Reduction in Over-Treatment
Investigators assessed utilization of conservative management among Veterans by examining treatment patterns for Veterans diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer. Untreated Veterans were classified as receiving conservative management through either active surveillance (> 2 PSAs and 1 biopsy within 2 years after diagnosis) or watchful waiting. Findings showed that utilization of conservative manag...
Date: June 5, 2018
- VA’s Lower Intensity Treatment of Kidney Failure – Compared to Medicare – Does Not Result in Associated Increased Mortality
This study compared the initiation of dialysis and mortality among Veterans ages 67 and older with incident kidney failure who received pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD) care in fee-for-service Medicare vs. VA between January 2008 and December 2011. Findings showed that Veterans who received pre-ESRD nephrology care in Medicare received dialysis more often than Veterans who received VA care (82% ...
Date: April 9, 2018
- Evidence Review Identifies Modest Mortality Disparities among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in VA Healthcare
To support VA’s efforts to better understand the scale and determinants of disparities in racial and ethnic mortality – and to develop interventions to reduce disparities, investigators from the VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center in Portland, OR conducted an evidence review of mortality disparities specific to VA. Findings showed that although VA’s equal access healthcar...
Date: March 1, 2018
- Veterans with Cancer Received Higher Quality, Lower Intensity End-of Life Care in VA Compared to Medicare
This study evaluated the quality of end-of-life cancer care provided by Fee-for-Service (FFS) Medicare and VA, using well-accepted quality-of-care metrics. Findings showed that Veterans treated under FFS Medicare were more likely to get unduly intensive healthcare at end-of-life compared to those treated by VA. For example, Medicare-reliant Veterans were significantly more likely to receive chemot...
Date: January 1, 2018
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( 5 of more than 72 CANCER focused projects
|| Prevalence, Risk Factors and Outcomes of Post-colonoscopy Colorectal Cancer in Veterans
|| Cancer Care Coordination
|| Personalized Life Expectancy to Encourage High Value Prostate Cancer Care
|| Incorporating Veterans Preferences Into Lung Cancer Screening Decisions
|| Palliative Care Interventions for Outpatients Newly Diagnosed with Lung Cancer: Phase II
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