Health Services Research & Development

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Evidence Brief: Suicide Prevention in Veterans

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Suicide Prevention in Veterans

Prepared by:
Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center
Portland VA Health Care System
Portland, OR
Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director

Recommended Citation:
Peterson K, Anderson J, Bourne, D. Evidence Brief: Suicide Prevention in Veterans. VA ESP Project #09-199; 2018.


Download PDF: Brief, Executive summary, Supplemental Materials

Scope

The objective of this evidence brief is to synthesize new evidence in Veterans that has emerged since the 2015 ESP suicide prevention review on diagnostic accuracy of suicide risk assessment methods and the effectiveness of healthcare service interventions in preventing suicidal self-directed violence.

Key Questions

Key Question 1: What are the accuracy and adverse effects of methods to identify Veterans and military personnel at increased risk for suicide and other suicidal self-directed violence?

a) Do accuracy and adverse effects vary by setting, delivery mode, targeted population (ie, transitioning Veterans (military to civilian)), or other factors?

Key Question 2: What are the efficacy/effectiveness and adverse effects of suicide prevention interventions in reducing rates of suicide and other suicidal self-directed violence in Veterans and military personnel?

a) Do efficacy/effectiveness and adverse effects vary by setting, delivery mode, targeted population (ie, transitioning Veterans (military to civilian)), or other factors?

Key Question 3: What are important areas of ongoing research and current evidence gaps in research on suicide prevention in Veterans and military personnel, and how could they be addressed by future research?