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Visual Dysfunction in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review

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Visual Dysfunction in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review

Principal Investigator: Maya O'Neil, PhD, MS
Co-Investigators: Ken Gleitsmann, MD, MPH; Makalapua Motu'apuaka, BS; Michele Freeman, MPH; Karli Kondo, PhD; Daniel Storzbach, PhD; Devan Kansagara, MD, MCR; Kathleen Carlson, PhD, MS

Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Center, Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, OR

Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs; September 2014

Download PDF: Complete Report, Executive Summary, Report, Appendices

Summary

The goal of this evidence report is to summarize current evidence examining the prevalence and types of visual dysfunction and impairment among patients diagnosed with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Understanding the scope of visual disorders among these populations will aid the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) in determining appropriate screening strategies for visual dysfunction and impairment among returning Veterans diagnosed with TBI. Better understanding of the specific visual dysfunctions that may be associated with TBI will also enable appropriate intervention within the vision care system. A secondary goal is to develop a strategy for the monitoring of outcomes from the assessment and management of TBI-related visual disorders, thus potentially producing improved outcomes in the overall rehabilitation and reintegration of affected Veterans.

Key Question #1: What is the prevalence or incidence of visual dysfunction in a general population of individuals who have been diagnosed with a TBI? Key Question #2: What are the types of visual dysfunction reported by individuals who have been diagnosed with a TBI and are presenting to eye care clinics?

See also

Visual Dysfunction in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review (Management eBrief)