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Understanding Preferences for Osteoporosis Information to Develop an Osteoporosis Patient Education Brochure.

Edmonds SW, Solimeo SL, Nguyen VT, Wright NC, Roblin DW, Saag KG, Cram P. Understanding Preferences for Osteoporosis Information to Develop an Osteoporosis Patient Education Brochure. The Permanente journal. 2016 Nov 18; 21.

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Abstract:

CONTEXT: Patient education materials can provide important information related to osteoporosis prevention and treatment. However, available osteoporosis education materials fail to follow best-practice guidelines for patient education. OBJECTIVE: To develop an educational brochure on bone health for adults aged 50 years and older using mixed-method, semistructured interviews. DESIGN: This project consisted of 3 phases. In Phase 1, we developed written content that included information about osteoporosis. Additionally, we designed 2 graphic-rich brochures, Brochure A (photographs) and Brochure B (illustrations). In Phase 2, interviewers presented the text-only document and both brochure designs to 53 participants from an academic Medical Center in the Midwest and an outpatient clinic in the Southeastern region of the US. Interviewers used open- and closed-ended questions to elicit opinions regarding the brochures. In Phase 3, using feedback from Phase 2, we revised the brochure and presented it to 11 participants at a third site in the Southeastern US. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants' comprehension of brochure text and acceptability of brochure design. RESULTS: We enrolled 64 participants. Most were women, white, and college-educated, with an average age of 66.1 years. Participants were able to restate the basic content of the brochure and preferred Brochure A's use of photographs. CONCLUSIONS: Using feedback from older adults, we developed and refined a brochure for communicating bone health information to older adults at risk of osteoporosis and fragility fractures. The methods outlined in this article may serve to guide others in developing health educational brochures for chronic medical conditions.





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