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Preconception care and reproductive planning in primary care.

Callegari LS, Ma EW, Schwarz EB. Preconception care and reproductive planning in primary care. The Medical Clinics of North America. 2015 May 1; 99(3):663-82.

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Preconception care is designed to identify and reduce biomedical, behavioral, and social risks to the health of a woman or her baby before pregnancy occurs. Few women present requesting preconception care; however, 1 in 10 US women of childbearing age will become pregnant each year. As primary care physicians (PCPs) care for reproductive-aged women before, between, and after their pregnancies, they are ideally positioned to help women address health risks before conception, including optimizing chronic conditions, to prevent adverse pregnancy and longer-term health outcomes. PCPs can help women make informed decisions both about preparing for pregnancy and about using effective contraception when pregnancy is not desired.

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