Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Redefining the Stone Belt: Precipitation Is Associated with Increased Risk of Urinary Stone Disease.

Dallas KB, Conti S, Liao JC, Sofer M, Pao AC, Leppert JT, Elliott CS. Redefining the Stone Belt: Precipitation Is Associated with Increased Risk of Urinary Stone Disease. Journal of endourology. 2017 Nov 1; 31(11):1203-1210.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: The American Southeast has been labeled the "Stone Belt" due to its relatively high burden of urinary stone disease, presumed to be related to its higher temperatures. However, other regions with high temperatures (e.g., the Southwest) do not have the same disease prevalence as the southeast. We seek to explore the association of stone disease to other climate-associated factors beyond temperature, including precipitation and temperature variation. METHODS: We identified all patients who underwent a surgical procedure for urinary stone disease from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) databases (2010-2012). Climate data obtained from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) were compared to population adjusted county operative stone burden, controlling for patient and county demographic data as potential confounders. RESULTS: A total of 63,994 unique patients underwent stone procedures in California between 2010 and 2012. Multivariate modeling revealed that higher precipitation (0.019 average increase in surgeries per 1000 persons per inch, p? < 0.01) and higher mean temperature (0.029 average increase in surgeries per 1000 persons per degree, p? < 0.01) were both independently associated with an increased operative stone disease burden. Controlling for county-level patient factors did not change these observed effects. CONCLUSIONS: In the state of California, higher precipitation and higher mean temperature are associated with increased rates of stone surgery. Our results appear to agree with the larger trends seen throughout the United States where the areas of highest stone prevalence have warm wet climates and not warm arid climates.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.