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Maciejewski ML, Shepherd-Banigan M, Raffa SD, Weidenbacher HJ. Systematic Review of Behavioral Weight Management Program MOVE! for Veterans. American journal of preventive medicine. 2018 May 1; 54(5):704-714.
Since 2006, the Veterans Health Administration has delivered a population-based behavioral weight management program (MOVE!) to Veterans, which numerous studies have examined. The purpose of this study was to systematically review these studies to understand MOVE! participation rates and the association between MOVE! participation and weight change.
A December 2016 PubMed search identified 320 English-language abstracts published between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2016, of which 42 underwent full-text review. Twenty-six articles were determined to be eligible for final inclusion and data elements extracted from these articles included study years, study design, content of MOVE! and control intervention (if any), inclusion/exclusion criteria, initial sample size and sample loss, intervention duration and follow-up, patient characteristics, and outcomes. Quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Scale.
Studies were judged to be of good quality. Twenty-one of the 26 studies were retrospective cohort studies, one was a prospective cohort study and four were randomized trials. Program participation varied substantially (2%-12%) across studies. Six-month weight loss ranged from -0.95 kg to -1.84 kg, whereas 12-month weight loss ranged from -0.13 kg to -3.3 kg. A maximum of 25% of MOVE! users engaged in intense and sustained participation (eight or more visits within 6 months), but higher participation levels were consistently associated with greater weight change (-1.18 kg to -5.3 kg at 6 months, -1.68 kg to -3.58 kg at 12 months).
MOVE! participation is associated with modest short-term weight loss, with greater weight loss as participation increases. More research is needed to understand the barriers and facilitators to participation and the effect of MOVE! participation on long-term health and economic outcomes.