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Impact of Online Weight Management With Peer Coaching on Physical Activity Levels of Adults With Serious Mental Illness.
Muralidharan A, Niv N, Brown CH, Olmos-Ochoa TT, Fang LJ, Cohen AN, Kreyenbuhl J, Oberman RS, Goldberg RW, Young AS. Impact of Online Weight Management With Peer Coaching on Physical Activity Levels of Adults With Serious Mental Illness. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.). 2018 Oct 1; 69(10):1062-1068.
Many adults with serious mental illness are sedentary and experience significant medical illness burden. This study examined the effectiveness of online weight management with peer coaching (WebMOVE) for increasing general physical activity among adults with serious mental illness.
Using quantitative and qualitative data from a randomized controlled trial (N = 276), this study compared WebMOVE, in-person weight management for adults with serious mental illness (MOVE SMI), and usual care. Participants completed assessments of general physical activity (baseline, three months, and six months) and a qualitative assessment (six months). Mixed-effects models examined group × time interactions on general physical activity.
There were significant differences between MOVE SMI and usual care for total physical activity at three (t = 3.06, p = .002) and six (t = 3.12, p = .002) months, walking at six months (t = 1.99, p = .048), and moderate (t = 2.12, p = .035) and vigorous (t = 2.34, p = .020) physical activity at six months. There was a significant difference between WebMOVE and usual care for total physical activity at six months (t = 2.02, p = .044) and a trend for a group difference in walking at six months (t = 1.78, p = .076). These findings reflected a decline in physical activity among participants in usual care and an increase in physical activity among participants in MOVE SMI or WebMOVE.
In-person weight management counseling increased total physical activity and led to initiation of moderate and vigorous physical activity among adults with serious mental illness. Computerized weight management counseling with peer support led to more gradual increases in total physical activity.