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Bonar EE, Matusiewicz AK, Bohnert ASB, Ilgen MA, Sanborn ML, Chermack ST. Coping and violence perpetration in a residential substance use disorder treatment sample. Journal of addictive diseases. 2018 Jun 1; 1-11.
BACKGROUND: Individuals in substance use disorder treatment report high rates of violence against partners and non-partners. There is growing interest in integrated coping-oriented treatment approaches for violence and substance use concerns, yet little is known about the relationship between specific coping responses and perpetration of partner and non-partner violence. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study evaluated relationships between coping responses and partner and non-partner physical assault perpetration in a substance use disorder treatment sample. METHODS: Participants included 343 men (76%) and women (24%) who completed self-report survey measures of coping responses, violence perpetration, and substance use as part of screening for a randomized trial. Negative binomial regression was used to examine relationships between coping strategies and partner and non-partner violence perpetration, when accounting for substance use and demographic factors. RESULTS: About one-third of participants reported partner violence perpetration (30%) and non-partner violence perpetration (34%). Frequency of partner violence and non-partner violence were both associated with more use of avoidant and emotion-focused strategies and less use of problem-focused coping in adjusted models. DISCUSSION: Continued research is warranted to determine whether coping-oriented interventions decrease violence among people in substance use disorder treatment.