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Obesity Is Independently Associated With Early Aseptic Loosening in Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Goodnough LH, Finlay AK, Huddleston JI, Goodman SB, Maloney WJ, Amanatullah DF. Obesity Is Independently Associated With Early Aseptic Loosening in Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty. The Journal of arthroplasty. 2018 Mar 1; 33(3):882-886.

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BACKGROUND: Obesity affects millions of patients in the United States and is associated with several complications after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The effect of obesity on the rate and mode of primary THA failure remains poorly understood, especially given other potentially confounding patient characteristics. We hypothesized that, among patients with a failed primary THA, obesity is independently associated with aseptic loosening and a higher rate of early revision. METHODS: Six hundred eighty-four consecutive cases with failed THA referred to a single academic center for revision during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to test the independent association between obesity and the timing as well as cause of THA failure. RESULTS: The rate of primary THA failure before 5 years was 48.8% in obese and 37.1% in nonobese patients (odds ratio [OR] = 1.57, P = .010). Primary THA failure before 5 years was more likely with increasing body mass index (BMI) (BMI: 35-40 kg/m, OR = 2.31, P = .008; BMI > 40 kg/m, OR = 2.51, P = .049). The rate of primary THA failure for aseptic loosening before 5 years was 30% in obese and 18% in nonobese patients (OR = 1.88, P = .023). Obesity was not a risk for revision for infection, whereas an American Society of Anesthesiologists class = 3 was independently associated with primary THA failure for infection (OR = 2.33, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Among patients with a failed THA, comorbidities may account for the risk of revision due to infection in obese patients. Obesity is independently associated with early primary THA failure for aseptic loosening.

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