Health Services Research & Development

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Goldstein KM, Zullig LL, Dedert EA, Alishahi Tabriz A, Brearly TW, Raitz G, Sata SS, Whited JD, Bosworth HB, Gordon AM, Nagi A, Williams JW, Gierisch JM. Telehealth Interventions Designed for Women: an Evidence Map. Journal of general internal medicine. 2018 Dec 1; 33(12):2191-2200.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Telehealth employs technology to connect patients to the right healthcare resources at the right time. Women are high utilizers of healthcare with gender-specific health issues that may benefit from the convenience and personalization of telehealth. Thus, we produced an evidence map describing the quantity, distribution, and characteristics of evidence assessing the effectiveness of telehealth services designed for women. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (via PubMed) and Embase from inception through March 20, 2018. We screened systematic reviews (SRs), randomized trials, and quasi-experimental studies using predetermined eligibility criteria. Articles meeting inclusion criteria were identified for data abstraction. To assess emerging trends, we also conducted a targeted search of . RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-four primary studies and three SRs were eligible for abstraction. We grouped studies into focused areas of research: maternal health (n?=?96), prevention (n?=?46), disease management (n?=?63), family planning (n?=?9), high-risk breast cancer assessment (n?=?10), intimate partner violence (n?=?7), and mental health (n?=?3). Most interventions focused on phone as the primary telehealth modality and featured healthcare team-to-patient communication and were limited in duration (e.g.,