Health Services Research & Development

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Baugh KA, Tran Cao HS, van Buren G, Silberfein EJ, Hsu C, Chai C, Barakat O, Fisher WE, Massarweh NN. Understaging of clinical stage I pancreatic cancer and the impact of multimodality therapy. Surgery. 2019 Feb 1; 165(2):307-314.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Although current guidelines recommend multimodal therapy for all patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, it is unclear the extent to which clinical stage I patients are accurately staged and how this may affect management. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study of 4,404 patients aged 18-79 years with clinical stage 1 (ie, T1N0 or T2N0) pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma treated with upfront resection in the National Cancer Database (2004-2014), understaging was ascertained by comparing pretreatment clinical stage with pathologic stage. The association between adjuvant treatment and overall risk of death among true stage I and understaged patients was evaluated using multivariable Cox regression. RESULTS: Upstaging was identified in 72.6% of patients (62.8% T3/4, 53.9% N1) of whom 69.7% received adjuvant therapy compared with 47.0% with true stage I disease. Overall survival at 5 years among those with true stage I disease was significantly higher than those who had been clinically understaged (42.9% vs 16.6%; log-rank, p?