Health Services Research & Development

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Yohannes AM, Newman M, Kunik ME. Psychiatric Collaborative Care for Patients With Respiratory Disease. Chest. 2019 Jun 1; 155(6):1288-1295.
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Abstract: Psychiatric disorders are common in patients with advanced respiratory diseases, including COPD and asthma. These comorbid illnesses are often associated with poor compliance with medical treatment, increased disability, heightened health-care utilization, and premature mortality. Seeking to improve patient outcomes, improve patient satisfaction, and decrease the cost of care has led to the creation of alternative care and reimbursement models. One of the most mature of these models is the collaborative care model (CoCM). This model is team-based care; team members being the primary care provider, a care manager, and a psychiatric care provider. Studies have shown improved outcomes, improved patient satisfaction, and decreased cost when this model has been used to care for patients with general medical illness and psychiatric comorbidities. The primary care provider really drives the care, identifying the comorbidities and enlisting the patient's participation with care. Care managers could include nurses, social workers, or psychologists. Their responsibilities include monitoring symptoms, brief behavioral interventions, and other activities including case review with the psychiatric care provider. The psychiatric care provider is not expected to be on-site but will review cases with the care manager, who will communicate recommendations back to the primary care provider. Those services could be billed for under other Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes. As of January 1, 2018, report CoCM services using CPT codes 99492, 99493, and 99494 have been utilized for psychiatric collaborative care, in this new model to provide mental health services to patients with chronic medical conditions such as advanced respiratory diseases. They are endorsed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, these new CPT codes support CoCM services and replace the 2017 codes G0502, G0503, and G0504 for Behavioral Health Integration. This article provides guidance on CoCM for patients with advanced respiratory disease and the new CPT codes for reimbursement of these services.