Health Services Research & Development

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Rozek LS, Virani S, Bellile EL, Taylor JMG, Sartor MA, Zarins KR, Virani A, Cote C, Worden FP, Mark MEP, McLean SA, Duffy SA, Yoo GH, Saba NF, Shin DM, Kucuk O, Wolf GT. Soy Isoflavone Supplementation Increases Long Interspersed Nucleotide Element-1 (LINE-1) Methylation in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Nutrition and Cancer. 2019 Mar 12; 71(5):772-780.
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Abstract: AIM: Soy isoflavones have been suggested as epigenetic modulating agents with effects that could be important in carcinogenesis. Hypomethylation of LINE-1 has been associated with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) development from oral premalignant lesions and with poor prognosis. To determine if neoadjuvant soy isoflavone supplementation could modulate LINE-1 methylation in HNSCC, we undertook a clinical trial. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients received 2-3?weeks of soy isoflavone supplements (300?mg/day) orally prior to surgery. Methylation of LINE-1, and 6 other genes was measured by pyrosequencing in biopsy, resection, and whole blood (WB) specimens. Changes in methylation were tested using paired t tests and ANOVA. Median follow up was 45 months. RESULTS: LINE-1 methylation increased significantly after soy isoflavone (P?