Health Services Research & Development

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Olson LB, Turner DJ, Cox GM, Hostler CJ. Prosthetic Joint Infection following Dental Cleaning despite Antibiotic Prophylaxis. Case reports in infectious diseases. 2019 Apr 21; 2019:8109280.
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Abstract: We present the case of a 92-year-old man with septic arthritis of a prosthetic hip joint due to one week following a high-risk dental procedure despite preprocedure amoxicillin. is a commensal bacterium of the human oral mucosa that is an uncommon cause of bacteremia. has previously been described as a causative agent of infective endocarditis and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis but was only recently recognized as a cause of prosthetic joint infection. This case highlights the potential pathogenicity of a common commensal bacteria and the questionable utility of prophylactic antibiotics before dental procedures to prevent periprosthetic joint infections.