Health Services Research & Development

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Mitchell NS, Scialla JJ, Yancy WS. Are low-carbohydrate diets safe in diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2019 Jan 15.
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Abstract: Diabetes mellitus and obesity both contribute to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetic kidney disease (DKD), and they can accelerate the loss of kidney function. Dietary intake can potentially have wide-reaching effects on the risk of CKD/DKD and their progression by reducing weight and blood pressure, improving glycemic control, reducing hyperfiltration, and modulating inflammation. Low-carbohydrate (LC) diets can reduce weight and improve glycemic control, but the relatively higher protein content also raises concern in CKD/DKD. Empiric evidence supporting the kidney-related benefits or risks of LC diets is needed to understand the balance of these potential harms and benefits for patients with DKD and is the subject of our review.