Health Services Research & Development

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Grant RW, Lyles C, Uratsu CS, Vo MT, Bayliss EA, Heisler M. Visit Planning Using a Waiting Room Health IT Tool: The Aligning Patients and Providers Randomized Controlled Trial. Annals of Family Medicine. 2019 Mar 1; 17(2):141-149.
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Abstract: PURPOSE: Time during primary care visits is limited. We tested the hypothesis that a waiting room health information technology (IT) tool to help patients identify and voice their top visit priorities would lead to better visit interactions and improved quality of care. METHODS: We designed a waiting room tool, the Visit Planner, to guide adult patients through the process of identifying their top priorities for their visit and effectively expressing these priorities to their clinician. We tested this tool in a cluster-randomized controlled trial with usual care as the control. Eligible patients had at least 1 clinical care gap (eg, overdue for cancer screening, suboptimal chronic disease risk factor control, or medication nonadherence). RESULTS: The study (conducted March 31, 2016 through December 31, 2017) included 750 English- or Spanish-speaking patients. Compared with usual care patients, intervention patients more often reported "definitely" preparing questions for their doctor (59.5% vs 45.1%, <.001) and "definitely" expressing their top concerns at the beginning of the visit (91.3% vs 83.3%, = .005). Patients in both arms reported high levels of satisfaction with their care (86.8% vs 89.9%, = .20). With 6 months of follow-up, prevalence of clinical care gaps was reduced by a similar amount in each study arm. CONCLUSIONS: A simple waiting room-based tool significantly improved visit communication. Patients using the Visit Planner were more prepared and more likely to begin the visit by communicating their top priorities. These changes did not, however, lead to further reduction in aggregate clinical care gaps beyond the improvements seen in the usual care arm.