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Interpersonal And Organizational Dynamics Are Key Drivers Of Failure To Rescue.

Smith ME, Wells EE, Friese CR, Krein SL, Ghaferi AA. Interpersonal And Organizational Dynamics Are Key Drivers Of Failure To Rescue. Health affairs (Project Hope). 2018 Nov 1; 37(11):1870-1876.

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Failure to rescue-mortality following a major surgical complication-is a key driver of variation in postoperative mortality. However, little is known about the impact of interpersonal and organizational dynamics, or microsystem factors, on failure to rescue. In a qualitative study of providers from hospitals with high and low rescue rates, we identified five key factors that providers believe influence the successful rescue of surgical patients: teamwork, action taking, psychological safety, recognition of complications, and communication. Near-uniform agreement existed on two targets for improvement: delayed recognition of developing complications and poor interprofessional communication and inability to express clinical concerns. To improve perioperative outcomes, hospitals and payers should shift their attention to improving early detection and effective communication of major complications.

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