HSR&D Citation Abstracts
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Dasinger EA, Graham LA, Wahl TS, Richman JS, Baker SJ, Hawn MT, Hernandez-Boussard T, Rosen AK, Mull HJ, Copeland LA, Whittle JC, Burns EA, Morris MS. Preoperative opioid use and postoperative pain associated with surgical readmissions. American journal of surgery. 2019 Feb 28.
The extent of preoperative opioid utilization and the relationship with pain-related readmissions are not well understood.
VA Surgical Quality Improvement Program data on general, vascular, and orthopedic surgeries (2007-2014) were merged with pharmacy data to evaluate preoperative opioid use and pain-related readmissions. Opioid use in the 6-month preoperative period was categorized as none, infrequent, frequent, and daily.
In the six-month preoperative period, 65.7% had no opioid use, 16.7% had infrequent use, 6.3% frequent use, and 11.4% were daily opioid users. Adjusted odds of pain-related readmission were higher for opioid-exposed groups vs the opioid-naïve group: infrequent (OR 1.17; 95% CI:1.04-1.31), frequent (OR 1.28; 95% CI:1.08-1.52), and daily (OR 1.49; 95% CI:1.27-1.74). Among preoperative opioid users, those with a pain-related readmission had higher daily preoperative oral morphine equivalents (mean 44.5 vs. 36.1, p?0.001).
Patients using opioids preoperatively experienced higher rates of pain-related readmissions, which increased with frequency and dosage of opioid exposure.