Health Services Research & Development

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Kim LY, Rose DE, Ganz DA, Giannitrapani KF, Yano EM, Rubenstein LV, Stockdale SE. Elements of the healthy work environment associated with lower primary care nurse burnout. Nursing Outlook. 2019 Jun 27.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between primary care nurses' work environment and burnout, particularly in settings where patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) have been implemented. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between PCMH nurses' work environment and burnout. METHODS: Multivariable analyses were performed using two waves of survey data from PCMH registered nurses (RNs; n = 170) and PCMH licensed vocational nurses (LVNs; n = 181) in 23 primary care clinics. FINDINGS: True collaboration was inversely associated with PCMH RN burnout (b = -2.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -4.29, -0.08, p < .01). Meaningful recognition was inversely associated with PCMH LVN burnout (b = -5.1, 95% CI = -8.36, -1.82, p < .01). In models with all nurses, RN (vs. LVN) position was associated with higher levels of burnout (b = 6.2, 95% CI = 2.47, 9.84, p < .01). DISCUSSION: This study highlights the important role of the work environment in reducing PCMH nurse burnout. Strategies to foster team collaboration and meaningful recognition should be investigated to reduce PCMH nurse burnout.