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Knowledge Gaps around Smoking and Nicotine among U.S. Military Veterans Who Smoke and Implications for Practice.

Hicks TA, Thompson AC, Wilson SM, Travis EA, Beckham JC, Calhoun PS. Knowledge Gaps around Smoking and Nicotine among U.S. Military Veterans Who Smoke and Implications for Practice. Military Behavioral Health. 2018 Dec 29; 7(1):40-45.

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The present study describes the knowledge about smoking and nicotine among a sample of current Iraq-/Afghanistan-era veterans who smoke ( = 117). A majority of participants had knowledge regarding general risks of smoking and benefits of nicotine replacement therapy. However, many participants underestimated their personal cardiovascular and cancer risk as a smoker. Many participants also inaccurately believed that nicotine causes cancer and that nicotine medications work by making one physically sick if used while smoking. These beliefs could lead to reluctance to use nicotine replacement therapy. Discussion of findings offers potential solutions in the form of patient education as well as emphasis on training healthcare providers training on best practices for patient education (beyond simple advice to quit). More nuance and detail in patient education may facilitate increased knowledge about smoking and nicotine among U.S. military veterans with the ultimate goal of increasing cessation rates.

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