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HSR&D Citation Abstract

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Woodward EN, Cunningham JL, Flynn AWP, Mereish EH, Banks RJ, Landes SJ, Kirchner JE, Pantalone DW. Sexual minority men want provider behavior consistent with attitudes and norms during patient-provider interactions regarding HIV prevention. Psychology, health & medicine. 2020 Mar 1; 25(3):354-367.
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Abstract: HIV is a health problem for sexual minority men in the United States. One factor among many that contributes to this HIV disparity is poor patient-provider interactions. We focused on specific provider behavior preferred by sexual minority men during patient-provider interactions about HIV prevention. We interviewed 20 HIV-negative sexual minority men who endorsed 1+ psychosocial HIV risk factor. We used follow up interviews and conventional content analysis. Among our sample, 55% identified as White; 50% as bisexual, (M  =  28.45). Findings suggested even some providers knowledgeable about sexual minority health provided unhelpful care to sexual minority men (knowledge-behavior discrepancy). Some knowledgeable providers engaged in affirmative, tailored treatment (knowledge-behavior consistency). Specific behaviors of preferred patient-provider interactions regarding HIV prevention are reported. Our recommendations are based on patient perceptions, which is a limit and strength. We identified an important type of unhelpful patient-provider interaction for HIV-negative sexual minority men beyond discriminatory experiences. Patient-provider interaction efforts need to go beyond education to help providers practice skills. With increased focus on cultural competency for sexual minority patients, more providers may advertise their practice as affirmative, yet interactions will likely vary, may require lifelong practice of cultural humility, and impact HIV prevention.

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