HSR&D Citation Abstract
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Moin T, Duru OK, Turk N, Chon JS, Frosch DL, Martin JM, Jeffers KS, Castellon-Lopez Y, Tseng CH, Norris K, Mangione CM. Effectiveness of Shared Decision-making for Diabetes Prevention: 12-Month Results from the Prediabetes Informed Decision and Education (PRIDE) Trial. Journal of general internal medicine. 2019 Nov 1; 34(11):2652-2659.
Intensive lifestyle change (e.g., the Diabetes Prevention Program) and metformin reduce type 2 diabetes risk among patients with prediabetes. However, real-world uptake remains low. Shared decision-making (SDM) may increase awareness and help patients select and follow through with informed options for diabetes prevention that are aligned with their preferences.
To test the effectiveness of a prediabetes SDM intervention.
Cluster randomized controlled trial.
Twenty primary care clinics within a large regional health system.
Overweight/obese adults with prediabetes (BMI? = 24 kg/m and HbA1c 5.7-6.4%) were enrolled from 10 SDM intervention clinics. Propensity score matching was used to identify control patients from 10 usual care clinics.
Intervention clinic patients were invited to participate in a face-to-face SDM visit with a pharmacist who used a decision aid (DA) to describe prediabetes and four possible options for diabetes prevention: DPP, DPP ± metformin, metformin only, or usual care.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES:
Primary endpoint was uptake of DPP ( = 9 sessions), metformin, or both strategies at 4 months. Secondary endpoint was weight change (lbs.) at 12 months.
Uptake of DPP and/or metformin was higher among SDM participants (n = 351) than controls receiving usual care (n = 1028; 38% vs. 2%, p < .001). At 12-month follow-up, adjusted weight loss (lbs.) was greater among SDM participants than controls (-?5.3 vs. -?0.2, p? < .001).
Absence of DPP supplier participation data for matched patients in usual care clinics.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:
A prediabetes SDM intervention led by pharmacists increased patient engagement in evidence-based options for diabetes prevention and was associated with significantly greater uptake of DPP and/or metformin at 4 months and weight loss at 12 months. Prediabetes SDM may be a promising approach to enhance prevention efforts among patients at increased risk.
This study was registered at clinicaltrails.gov (NCT02384109)).