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Who Wants Feedback? Effects of Transformational Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange on Mental Health Practitioners' Attitudes Toward Feedback.

Fenwick KM, Brimhall KC, Hurlburt M, Aarons G. Who Wants Feedback? Effects of Transformational Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange on Mental Health Practitioners' Attitudes Toward Feedback. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.). 2019 Jan 1; 70(1):11-18.

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the mechanisms through which different aspects of leadership affect mental health practitioners' attitudes toward supervisory feedback. METHODS: Data were collected from 363 practitioners nested in 68 treatment teams in public-sector mental health organizations. A multilevel path analysis was conducted to examine the associations of transformational leadership (supervisor's ability to inspire others to follow a course of action) and leader-member exchange (quality of the supervisor-practitioner relationship) with practitioner attitudes toward feedback. RESULTS: Transformational leadership and leader-member exchange were directly and positively associated with practitioners' attitudes toward feedback. Transformational leadership was also indirectly associated with practitioners' attitudes toward feedback through the quality of supervisor-practitioner relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Study results contribute to the growing body of evidence suggesting that leaders play a key role in shaping mental health service delivery. Both leadership behavior and high-quality supervisor-practitioner relationships are important in supporting practitioners in delivering evidence-based mental health care. Policymakers, administrators, and researchers should consider an integrative approach when developing leadership training interventions.





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