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HSR&D Citation Abstract

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Suzuki H, Perencevich EN, Alexander B, Beck BF, Goto M, Lund BC, Nair R, Livorsi DJ. Inpatient Fluoroquinolone Stewardship Improves the Quantity and Quality of Fluoroquinolone Prescribing at Hospital Discharge: A Retrospective Analysis Among 122 Veterans Health Administration Hospitals. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 2020 Aug 22; 71(5):1232-1239.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Despite increasing awareness of harms, fluoroquinolones are still frequently prescribed to inpatients and at hospital discharge. Our goal was to describe fluoroquinolone prescribing at hospital discharge across the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and to contrast the volume and appropriateness of fluoroquinolone prescribing across 3 antimicrobial stewardship strategy types. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of patients hospitalized at 122 VHA acute-care hospitals during 2014-2016. Data from a mandatory VHA survey were used to identify 9 hospitals that self-reported 1 of 3 strategies for optimizing fluoroquinolone prescribing: prospective audit and feedback (PAF), restrictive policies (RP), and no strategy. Manual chart reviews to assess fluoroquinolone appropriateness at hospital discharge (ie, postdischarge) were performed across the 9 hospitals (3 hospitals and 125 cases per strategy type). RESULTS: There were 1.7 million patient admissions. Overall, there were 1 727 478 fluoroquinolone days of therapy (DOTs), with 674 918 (39.1%) DOTs prescribed for inpatients and 1 052 560 (60.9%) DOTs prescribed postdischarge. Among the 9 reviewed hospitals, postdischarge fluoroquinolone exposure was lower at hospitals using RP, compared to no strategy (3.8% vs 9.3%, respectively; P = .012). Postdischarge fluoroquinolones were deemed inappropriate in 154 of 375 (41.1%) patients. Fluoroquinolones were more likely to be inappropriate at hospitals without a strategy (52.8%) versus those using either RP or PAF (35.2%; P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective cohort, the majority of fluoroquinolone DOTs occurred after hospital discharge. A large proportion of postdischarge fluoroquinolone prescriptions were inappropriate, especially in hospitals without a strategy to manage fluoroquinolone prescribing. Our findings suggest that stewardship efforts to minimize and improve fluoroquinolone prescribing should also focus on antimicrobial prescribing at hospital discharge.

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