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Lightner AL, Kearney D, Giugliano D, Hull T, Holubar SD, Koh S, Zaghiyan K, Fleshner PR. Excisional Hemorrhoidectomy: Safe in Patients With Crohn's Disease? Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. 2019 Oct 21.
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Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Due to concerns over wound healing, hemorrhoidectomy in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) remains controversial. We sought to ascertain safety and efficacy of excisional hemorrhoidectomy in CD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all adult CD patients undergoing excisional hemorrhoidectomy between January 1, 1995, and January 1, 2019, at 2 IBD referral centers was performed. Data collected included patient demographics, clinical characteristics of CD (anorectal symptoms; prior nonoperative hemorrhoidal therapy; presence of other perianal disease; and activity, duration, and anatomic location of CD), and postoperative complications including bleeding, wound healing, and need for further therapy or surgical intervention after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 36 adult patients with Crohn's disease with symptomatic hemorrhoidal disease were included. The study cohort included 16 males (44%), and median age was 49 (range, 21 to 77) years. Predominant symptoms included pain (n = 16; 44%), prolapse (n = 8; 22%), and bleeding (n = 12; 33%). Sixteen patients (44%) had nonoperative therapy before surgery. Twenty-four patients (67%) had other perianal disease. At the time of hemorrhoidectomy, 9 patients (25%) were exposed to corticosteroids, 8 patients (25%) to immunomodulators, and 9 patients (25%) to biologics. During a median follow-up time of 31.5 (range, 1 to 255) months after hemorrhoidectomy, 4 patients (11%) had complications (1 developed a stricture, 1 developed a perianal abscess/fistula, 1 had a nonhealing wound, and 1 had hemorrhoidal recurrence). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that excisional hemorrhoidectomy may be performed safely in CD patients who have failed nonoperative hemorrhoidal therapy without concern for de novo perianal disease or need for proctectomy.Hemorrhoidal disease is common in patients with Crohn's disease. This study sought to understand the outcomes of surgically treating hemorrhoids in patients with Crohn's disease.

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