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HSR&D Citation Abstract

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Ailabouni NJ, Marcum ZA, Schmader KE, Gray SL. Medication Use Quality and Safety in Older Adults: 2018 Update. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2019 Dec 1; 67(12):2458-2462.
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Abstract: Improving the quality of medication use and medication safety is an important priority for prescribers who care for older adults. The objective of this article was to identify key articles from 2018 that address these issues. In addition, we selected four of these articles to annotate, critique, and discuss their broader implications for clinical practice. The first study highlights a cluster-randomized trial that utilized a pharmacist-led education-based intervention delivered to both patients and physicians to deprescribe four types of inappropriate medications (sedative-hypnotics, first-generation antihistamines, selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and glyburide). The second study, a nested case-control study using data from within the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, examined the association between anticholinergic exposure, overall and by anticholinergic medication class, and dementia risk in 40?770 older adults. The third study, a longitudinal cohort study of 1028 Swedish older adults, examined the association between antihypertensive medications and incident dementia. The last study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that investigated the effect of daily low-dose aspirin (100?mg) for primary prevention on cardiovascular events and major hemorrhage in 19?144 community-dwelling older adults. Collectively, this current article provides insight into the pertinent topics of medication use quality and safety in older adults and helps raise awareness about optimal prescribing in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 67:2458-2462, 2019.

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