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Persell SD, Liss DT, Walunas TL, Ciolino JD, Ahmad FS, Brown T, French DD, Hountz R, Iversen K, Lindau ST, Lipiszko D, Makelarski JA, Mazurek K, Murakami L, Peprah Y, Potempa J, Rasmussen LV, Wang A, Wang J, Yeh C, Kho AN. Effects of 2 Forms of Practice Facilitation on Cardiovascular Prevention in Primary Care: A Practice-randomized, Comparative Effectiveness Trial. Medical care. 2019 Dec 23.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Effective quality improvement (QI) strategies are needed for small practices. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare practice facilitation implementing point-of-care (POC) QI strategies alone versus facilitation implementing point-of-care plus population management (POC+PM) strategies on preventive cardiovascular care. DESIGN: Two arm, practice-randomized, comparative effectiveness study. PARTICIPANTS: Small and mid-sized primary care practices. INTERVENTIONS: Practices worked with facilitators on QI for 12 months to implement POC or POC+PM strategies. MEASURES: Proportion of eligible patients in a practice meeting "ABCS" measures: (Aspirin) Aspirin/antiplatelet therapy for ischemic vascular disease, (Blood pressure) Controlling High Blood Pressure, (Cholesterol) Statin Therapy for the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease, and (Smoking) Tobacco Use: Screening and Cessation Intervention, and the Change Process Capability Questionnaire. Measurements were performed at baseline, 12, and 18 months. RESULTS: A total of 226 practices were randomized, 179 contributed follow-up data. The mean proportion of patients meeting each performance measure was greater at 12 months compared with baseline: Aspirin 0.04 (95% confidence interval: 0.02-0.06), Blood pressure 0.04 (0.02-0.06), Cholesterol 0.05 (0.03-0.07), Smoking 0.05 (0.02-0.07); P < 0.001 for each. Improvements were sustained at 18 months. At 12 months, baseline-adjusted difference-in-differences in proportions for the POC+PM arm versus POC was: Aspirin 0.02 (-0.02 to 0.05), Blood pressure -0.01 (-0.04 to 0.03), Cholesterol 0.03 (0.00-0.07), and Smoking 0.02 (-0.02 to 0.06); P > 0.05 for all. Change Process Capability Questionnaire improved slightly, mean change 0.30 (0.09-0.51) but did not significantly differ across arms. CONCLUSION: Facilitator-led QI promoting population management approaches plus POC improvement strategies was not clearly superior to POC strategies alone.

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