Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Liver Transplant From Increased-Risk Donors in the Era of Direct-Acting Antivirals for Hepatitis C.

Shaikh OS, Rogal S, Malik A, Sharma V, Cacciarelli T. Liver Transplant From Increased-Risk Donors in the Era of Direct-Acting Antivirals for Hepatitis C. Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation. 2020 Oct 1; 18(5):605-611.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation

OBJECTIVES: The opioid epidemic and the associated deaths have increased the availability of increased-risk donor organs. Here, we assessed factors associated with increased-risk donor liver transplant and determined their impact on survival and response to direct-acting antivirals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed anti-hepatitis C virus-positive deceased-donor liver transplant recipients from August 2013 through December 2017. We compared recipient and donor clinical and virologic features, response to direct-acting antivirals, and graft and patient survival rates in increased-risk versus tradi-tional or non-increased risk donor organ transplants. RESULTS: Of 153 transplant recipients, 89 (58%) were anti-hepatitis C virus positive, with 42/89 receiving increased-risk donor livers (mean age 62 years, 1 female, 80% white, and 60% with hepatoma). On univariable analysis, receipt of increased-risk donor liver was associated with simultaneous liver-kidney transplant, lower Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, hepatitis C virus RNA positivity, pretransplant direct-acting antiviral nonresponse, and younger donor age. On multivariable analysis, only donor age and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score were associated with increased-risk donor transplant. Among increased-risk donors, 12 (29%) were hepatitis C virus RNA positive, including one who was anti-hepatitis C virus antibody negative. Among recipients, 62 were hepatitis C virus RNA positive (35 with increased-risk livers), with 50 recipients (81%) having genotype 1. Posttransplant, recipient genotype changed in 6 and was mixed in 4 recipients. Of 55 recipients treated with direct-acting antivirals, 54 (98%) achieved viral clearance. Overall 1-year graft and patient survival was 93%. CONCLUSIONS: Increased-risk donor organs provided high levels of utility in liver transplant recipients who were anti-HCV positive, showing optimal graft and patient survival. Increased-risk donors were younger and preferably transplanted in hepatitis C virus RNA-positive recipients with lower Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score. Posttransplant direct-acting antiviral therapy was highly efficacious irrespective of pretransplant recipient and donor virologic status.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.