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Health Services Research & Development

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HSR&D Citation Abstract

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Brown EA, Ward RC, Weeda E, Taber DJ, Axon RN, Gebregziabher M. Racial-Geographic Disparity in Lipid Management in Veterans with Type 2 Diabetes: A 10-Year Retrospective Cohort Study. Health equity. 2019 Sep 23; 3(1):472-479.
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Abstract: The prevalence of diabetes in U.S. veterans (20.5%) is nearly three times that of the general population. Minority veterans have higher rates of diabetes compared with their counterparts and urban/rural residence is also associated with uncontrolled cholesterol. However, the interplay between urban/rural residence and race/ethnicity on cholesterol control is unclear. Veterans Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid data were used to create unique dataset and perform longitudinal study of veterans with type 2 diabetes from 2006 to 2016. Logistic regression was used to model the association between low-density lipoprotein (LDL) control and the primary exposures (race/ethnicity and location of residence) after adjusting for all measured covariates, including the interaction between location of residence and race/ethnicity. There was a significant interaction between race/ethnicity and rural residence. Rural non-Hispanic Black (NHB) veterans had higher odds for LDL > 100 mg/dL (odds ratio [OR] = 1.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.50-1.60) and for LDL > 70 mg/dL (OR = 1.59, 95% CI 1.53-1.64) compared with urban non-Hispanic White (NHW) veterans. Similarly, compared with urban NHW, urban NHB veterans had higher odds of LDL > 100 mg/dL (OR = 1.45, 95% CI 1.43-1.47) and LDL > 70 mg/dL (OR = 1.36, 95% CI 1.34-1.38). This study highlights health disparities for veterans with type 2 diabetes. Future research is needed to evaluate interventions for mitigating these disparities in cholesterol management among veterans with diabetes.

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