Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Testing a clinical staging model for bipolar disorder using longitudinal life chart data.

van der Markt A, Klumpers UM, Draisma S, Dols A, Nolen WA, Post RM, Altshuler LL, Frye MA, Grunze H, Keck PE, McElroy SL, Suppes T, Beekman AT, Kupka RW. Testing a clinical staging model for bipolar disorder using longitudinal life chart data. Bipolar disorders. 2019 May 1; 21(3):228-234.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder has a wide range of clinical manifestations which may progress over time. The aim of this study was to test the applicability of a clinical staging model for bipolar disorder and to gain insight into the nature of the variables influencing progression through consecutive stages. METHODS: Using retrospectively reported longitudinal life chart data of 99 subjects from the Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network Naturalistic Follow-up Study, the occurrence, duration and timely sequence of stages 2-4 were determined per month. A multi-state model was used to calculate progression rates and identify determinants of illness progression. Stages 0, 1 and several other variables were added to the multi-state model to determine their influence on the progression rates. RESULTS: Five years after onset of BD (stage 2), 72% reached stage 3 (recurrent episodes) and 21% had reached stage 4 (continuous episodes), of whom 8% recovered back to stage 3. The progression from stage 2 to 3 was increased by a biphasic onset for both the depression-mania and the mania-depression course and by male sex. CONCLUSIONS: Staging is a useful model to determine illness progression in longitudinal life chart data. Variables influencing transition rates were successfully identified.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.