HSR&D Citation Abstract
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Ramanathan S, Fitzpatrick MA, Suda KJ, Burns SP, Jones MM, LaVela SL, Evans CT. Multidrug-resistant gram-negative organisms and association with 1-year mortality, readmission, and length of stay in Veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders. Spinal Cord. 2019 Dec 11.
Retrospective cohort study.
The goal of this study was to assess the impact of multidrug resistant gram-negative organisms (MDRGNOs) on outcomes in those with SCI/D.
VA SCI System of Care, Department of Veterans Affairs, United States.
Multidrug resistance (MDR) was defined as being non-susceptible to 1 antibiotic in 3 antibiotic classes. Multivariable cluster-adjusted regression models were fit to assess the association of MDRGNOs with 1-year mortality, 30-day readmission, and postculture length of stay (LOS) stratified by case setting patients. Only the first culture per patient during the study period was included.
A total of 8,681 individuals with SCI/D had a culture with gram-negative bacteria during the study period, of which 33.0% had a MDRGNO. Overall, 954 (10.9%) died within 1 year of culture date. Poisson regression showed that MDR was associated with 1-year mortality among outpatients (IRR: 1.28, 95% CI, 1.06-1.54) and long-term care patients (OR: 2.06, 95% CI, 1.28-3.31). MDR significantly impacted postculture LOS in inpatients, as evidenced by a 10% longer LOS in MDR vs. non-MDR (IRR: 1.10, 95% CI, 1.02-1.19). MDR was not associated with increased 30-day readmission.
MDRGNOs are prevalent in SCI/D and MDR may result in poor outcomes. Further attention to prevention of infections, antibiotic stewardship, and management are warranted in this population.