Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Yoga, Physical Therapy, and Back Pain Education for Sleep Quality in Low-Income Racially Diverse Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain: a Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Roseen EJ, Gerlovin H, Femia A, Cho J, Bertisch S, Redline S, Sherman KJ, Saper R. Yoga, Physical Therapy, and Back Pain Education for Sleep Quality in Low-Income Racially Diverse Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain: a Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of general internal medicine. 2020 Jan 1; 35(1):167-176.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Poor sleep is common among adults with chronic low back pain (cLBP), but the influence of cLBP treatments, such as yoga and physical therapy (PT), on sleep quality is under studied. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of yoga and PT for improving sleep quality in adults with cLBP. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic safety-net hospital and 7 affiliated community health centers. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 320 adults with cLBP. INTERVENTION: Twelve weekly yoga classes, 1-on-1 PT sessions, or an educational book. MAIN MEASURES: Sleep quality was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) global score (0-21) at baseline, 12 weeks, and 52 weeks. Additionally, we also evaluated how the proportion of participants who achieved a clinically meaningful improvement in sleep quality ( > 3-point reduction in PSQI) at 12 weeks varied by changes in pain and physical function at 6 weeks. KEY RESULTS: Among participants (mean age? = 46.0, 64% female, 82% non-white), nearly all (92%) reported poor sleep quality (PSQI > 5) at baseline. At 12 weeks, modest improvements in sleep quality were observed among the yoga (PSQI mean difference [MD]? = -?1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] -?1.82, -?0.55) and PT (PSQI MD? = -?0.91, 95% CI -?1.61, -?0.20) groups. Participants who reported a = 30% improvement in pain or physical function at 6 weeks, compared with those who improved < 10%, were more likely to be a sleep quality responder at 12 weeks (odds ratio [OR]? = 3.51, 95% CI 1.73, 7.11 and OR? = 2.16, 95% CI 1.18, 3.95, respectively). Results were similar at 52 weeks. CONCLUSION: In a sample of adults with cLBP, virtually all with poor sleep quality prior to intervention, modest but statistically significant improvements in sleep quality were observed with both yoga and PT. Irrespective of treatment, clinically important sleep improvements at the end of the intervention were associated with mid-intervention pain and physical function improvements. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01343927.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.