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Health Services Research & Development

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HSR&D Citation Abstract

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Baghdadi JD, Wong MD, Uslan DZ, Bell D, Cunningham WE, Needleman J, Kerbel R, Brook R. Adherence to the SEP-1 Sepsis Bundle in Hospital-Onset v. Community-Onset Sepsis: a Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of general internal medicine. 2020 Feb 10.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Sepsis is the leading cause of in-hospital death. The SEP-1 sepsis bundle is a protocol for early sepsis care that requires providers to diagnose and treat sepsis quickly. Limited evidence suggests that adherence to the sepsis bundle is lower in cases of hospital-onset sepsis. OBJECTIVE: To compare sepsis bundle adherence in hospital-onset vs. community-onset sepsis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using multivariable analysis of clinical data. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4658 inpatients age 18 or older were identified by diagnosis codes consistent with sepsis or disseminated infection. SETTING: Four university hospitals in California between 2014 and 2016. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary outcome was adherence to key components of the sepsis bundle defined by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in their core measure, SEP-1. Covariates included clinical characteristics related to the patient, infection, and pathogen. KEY RESULTS: Compared with community-onset, cases of hospital-onset sepsis were less likely to receive SEP-1 adherent care (relative risk 0.33, 95% confidence interval 0.29-0.38, p < 0.001). With the exception of vasopressors (RR 1.11, p = 0.002), each component of SEP-1 evaluated-blood cultures (RR 0.76, p < 0.001), serum lactate (RR 0.51, p < 0001), broad-spectrum antibiotics (RR 0.62, p < 0.001), intravenous fluids (0.47, p < 0.001), and follow-up lactate (RR 0.71, p < 0.001)-was less likely to be performed within the recommended time frame in hospital-onset sepsis. Within the hospital, cases of hospital-onset sepsis arising on the ward were less likely to receive SEP-1-adherent care than were cases arising in the intensive care unit (RR 0.68, p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Inpatients with hospital-onset sepsis receive different management than individuals with community-onset sepsis. It remains to be determined whether system-level factors, provider-level factors, or factors related to measurement explain the observed variation in care or whether variation in care affects outcomes.

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