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Health Services Research & Development

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Impacts of Post-Hospitalization Accessible Health Technology and Caregiver Support on 90-Day Acute Care Use and Self-Care Assistance: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Piette JD, Striplin D, Aikens JE, Lee A, Marinec N, Mansabdar M, Chen J, Gregory LA, Kim CS. Impacts of Post-Hospitalization Accessible Health Technology and Caregiver Support on 90-Day Acute Care Use and Self-Care Assistance: A Randomized Clinical Trial. American journal of medical quality : the official journal of the American College of Medical Quality. 2021 May 1; 36(3):145-155.

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Abstract:

Hospitalized patients often are readmitted soon after discharge, with many hospitalizations being potentially preventable. The authors evaluated a mobile health intervention designed to improve post-hospitalization support for older adults with common chronic conditions. All participants enrolled with an informal caregiver or "CarePartner" (CP). Intervention patients received automated assessment and behavior change calls. CPs received automated, structured feedback following each assessment. Clinicians received alerts about serious problems identified during patient calls. Controls had a 65% greater risk of hospitalization within 90 days post discharge than intervention patients (P = .041). For every 6.8 enrollees, the intervention prevented 1 rehospitalization or emergency department encounter. The intervention improved physical functioning at 90 days (P = .012). The intervention also improved medication adherence and indicators of the quality of communication with CPs (all P < .01). Automated telephone patient monitoring and self-care advice with feedback to primary care teams and CPs reduces readmission rates over 90 days.





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