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One-day Acceptance and Commitment Therapy workshop for preventing persistent post-surgical pain and dysfunction in at-risk veterans: A randomized controlled trial protocol.

Roddy MK, Boykin DM, Hadlandsmyth K, Marchman JN, Green DM, Buckwalter JA, Garvin L, Zimmerman B, Bae J, Cortesi J, Rodrigues M, Embree J, Rakel BA, Dindo L. One-day Acceptance and Commitment Therapy workshop for preventing persistent post-surgical pain and dysfunction in at-risk veterans: A randomized controlled trial protocol. Journal of psychosomatic research. 2020 Nov 1; 138:110250.

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: Persistent post-surgical pain is common among patients undergoing surgery, is detrimental to patients'' quality of life, and can precipitate long-term opioid use. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to assess the effects of a behavioral intervention offered prior to surgery for patients at risk for poor post-surgical outcomes, including persistent pain and impaired functioning. METHODS: Described herein is an ongoing randomized, patient- and assessor-blind, attention-controlled multisite clinical trial. Four hundred and thirty Veterans indicated for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with distress and/or pain will be recruited for this study. Participants will be randomly assigned to a one-day (~5 h) Acceptance and Commitment Therapy workshop or one-day education and attention control workshop. Approximately two weeks following their TKA surgery, patients receive an individualized booster session via phone. Following their TKA, patients complete assessments at 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. RESULTS: The primary outcomes are pain intensity and knee-specific functioning; secondary outcomes are symptoms of distress and coping skills. Mediation analyses will examine whether changes in symptoms of distress and coping skills have an impact on pain and functioning at 6 months in Veterans receiving ACT. This study is conducted mostly with older Veterans; therefore, results may not generalize to women and younger adults who are underrepresented in this veteran population. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study will provide the first evidence from a large-scale, patient- and assessor-blind controlled trial on the effectiveness of a brief behavioral intervention for the prevention of persistent post-surgical pain and dysfunction.





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