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Veterans' experiences with and perspectives on insomnia treatment: A qualitative study.

Bramoweth AD, Rodriguez KL, Klima GJ, Appelt CJ, Chinman MJ. Veterans' experiences with and perspectives on insomnia treatment: A qualitative study. Psychological Services. 2022 Feb 1; 19(1):134-145.

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Qualitative interviews were conducted with veterans to understand their experiences and perceptions about insomnia and its treatment, with a focus on cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and brief behavioral treatment for insomnia (BBTI). There is a lack of knowledge about veterans' understanding of this prevalent disorder, yet their experiences and perceptions can influence treatment delivery and treatment outcomes. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) can improve insomnia care by considering and responding to this valuable information from veteran stakeholders. Twenty veterans with an insomnia diagnosis or complaint were interviewed about their experiences with insomnia, its treatment, and their preferences for care. Transcripts from the audio-recorded interviews were independently analyzed by 2 coders using content analysis, and discrepancies were resolved through negotiated consensus. The 20 veterans were mostly male (85%), older (60.4 years ± 9.0), and white (60%). Experiences with insomnia and perspectives regarding treatment focused on (a) insomnia symptoms, (b) comorbid symptoms, (c) seeking treatment, (d) intervention experiences, (e) intervention preferences and expectations, and (f) patient attributes. Barriers to care included a lack of knowledge about treatment and a lack of options that fit veterans' preference for delivery. These results provide insight into veterans' experiences with and perspectives on insomnia treatment that is crucial to the support, development, and implementation of interventions. A focus on increasing knowledge of, and expectations for, insomnia treatments as well as offering multiple delivery options has the potential to improve utilization and access to quality insomnia care. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

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