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Masheb RM, Douglas ME, Kutz AM, Marsh AG, Driscoll M. Pain and emotional eating: further investigation of the Yale Emotional Overeating Questionnaire in weight loss seeking patients. Journal of behavioral medicine. 2020 Jun 1; 43(3):479-486.
Providers frequently report pain as a barrier to weight loss yet the relationship between the pain experience and eating behavior is poorly understood. The current study examines overeating in response to physical pain (Pain Overeating). Weight-loss seeking Veterans (N? = 126) completed the Yale Emotional Overeating Questionnaire, a measure used to assess the frequency of overeating in response to a range of emotions that was adapted to include a Pain Overeating item, and validated measures of pain, eating pathology, and mental health. Fifty-one participants (42.5%) engaged in at least one Pain Overeating episode in the past month, and 14.2% engaged in this behavior daily. Pain Overeating was significantly related to pain intensity and interference, and accounted for statistically significant variance in predicting BMI, eating pathology and depression. Findings suggest eating in response to physical pain is common among weight-loss seeking Veterans and may have important implications for weight management treatment.